Bar Kochba


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Bar Kochba

, Bar Kokhba, Bar Kosba
Simeon. died 135 ad. Jewish leader who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans in Palestine

Bar Kochba

 

(ancient Hebrew, “son of a star”), the honorary surname of Simon, military leader of the anti-Roman insurrection of 132–135 in Judea.

A revolt was sparked by Roman interference in the ritual affairs of the Judeans and by the attempt of the Roman emperor Hadrian to build a Roman colony, Aelia Capitolina, with a shrine to Jupiter, on the site of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by the Romans in the year 70. The ideological leader of the movement was the rabbi Akiba; Bar Kochba was the military organizer. In the course of the revolt, the rebels took 50 fortifications. The city of Bethar became the center of the movement. The rebellion was crushed by the Roman commander Julius Severus. Judea was made part of the province of Syria. Bar Kochba died in the defense of besieged Bethar.

Excavations made in 1952 in the Dead Sea region resulted in the discovery, in a cave of Murabbaat, of a letter written by Bar Kochba during the insurrection of 132–135 to the commander Yeshua ben Galgoula, ordering him not to harm the Christians.

REFERENCES

Livshits. G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.
Bokshchanin, A. G. “Iudeiskie vosstaniia 2 v. n. e.” Uchenye zapiski MGU, 1950, issue 143, pp. 43–85.

D. G. REDER

References in periodicals archive ?
The denomination Syria Palaestina comes from the day of Tertullian, being posterior to the Bar Kochba revolt.
Martin Buber, a prominent Zionist, addressed a Bar Kochba meeting in 1910, and Kafka was probably in the audience when he would have heard Buber's impressive exposition of Jewish nationhood.
Thus, in the European countries there were established the first sports association whose members were ethnic Jew: Jew Sports Club in Turkey, Bar Kochba in Germany, Haarlem in Holland, Blue Star in Switzerland, Hakoah in Austria, Fencing Athletic Club of Budapest in Hungary, Cechie Karolinentalt in Czechoslovakia.
In Jewish tradition, Peki'in is famous for a local cave in which Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai and his son, Rabbi Elazar ben Shimon hid from the Romans for thirteen years after the collapse of the Bar Kochba rebellion against Roman rule.
On the Ninth of Av, Betar, the last fortress to hold out against the Romans during the Bar Kochba revolt, fell in 132 CE and over 100,000 Jews were killed.
The Coens' claim in their introduction to the published screenplay of The Big Lebowski that it won "the 1998 Bar Kochba Award, honouring achievements in the arts that defy racial and religious stereotyping and promote appreciation for the multiplicity of man" (vi) probably fooled no one.
At the beginning of the first century, for example, there were about 4 million Jews in the Roman Empire; at its end, there were an estimated 8 million to 10 million, despite the destruction of the Second Temple and the later Bar Kochba rebellion against Rome.
Toward the end of Trajan's (the Roman emperor) reign, and before the Bar Kochba revolt, Diaspora Jews staged massive uprisings in Libya, Egypt, Cyprus, Judaea, and Mesopotamia.
after apocalyptical thinking waned following the failure of the Bar Kochba revolt.
Palestinian Christians maintained this separation when they rejected attempts by the Jewish Zealots under Bar Kochba in 131 to project Jesus' role as that of a military Messiah.
because the great Bar Kochba is with them, the star's son.
Like the Zionist legends of Tel Hai, Bar Kochba, and Masada, all of which transformed Jewish defeat into celebratory stories of victory and courage, Israeli narratives of the Holocaust in the Yishuv and early state focused almost exclusively on examples of Jewish physical resistance and rescue.