Bar Kochba

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Bar Kochba

, Bar Kokhba, Bar Kosba
Simeon. died 135 ad. Jewish leader who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans in Palestine

Bar Kochba


(ancient Hebrew, “son of a star”), the honorary surname of Simon, military leader of the anti-Roman insurrection of 132–135 in Judea.

A revolt was sparked by Roman interference in the ritual affairs of the Judeans and by the attempt of the Roman emperor Hadrian to build a Roman colony, Aelia Capitolina, with a shrine to Jupiter, on the site of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by the Romans in the year 70. The ideological leader of the movement was the rabbi Akiba; Bar Kochba was the military organizer. In the course of the revolt, the rebels took 50 fortifications. The city of Bethar became the center of the movement. The rebellion was crushed by the Roman commander Julius Severus. Judea was made part of the province of Syria. Bar Kochba died in the defense of besieged Bethar.

Excavations made in 1952 in the Dead Sea region resulted in the discovery, in a cave of Murabbaat, of a letter written by Bar Kochba during the insurrection of 132–135 to the commander Yeshua ben Galgoula, ordering him not to harm the Christians.


Livshits. G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.
Bokshchanin, A. G. “Iudeiskie vosstaniia 2 v. n. e.” Uchenye zapiski MGU, 1950, issue 143, pp. 43–85.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Coens' claim in their introduction to the published screenplay of The Big Lebowski that it won "the 1998 Bar Kochba Award, honouring achievements in the arts that defy racial and religious stereotyping and promote appreciation for the multiplicity of man" (vi) probably fooled no one.
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Among the collected letters of Martin Buber, there is a letter to Buber asking him to speak at a meeting of the Bar Kochba Jewish Students Association in 1908 in Prague.
the group of rabbis who were put to death by the Romans following the Romans' crushing of the Bar Kochba Rebellion of 132-135 GU).
It was the Roman emperor Hadrian, after the Bar Kochba revolt (130-135 CE), who expelled most Jews from Judea, an historic act of "ethnic cleansing" that reverberates two millennia later.
The last straw was the revolt by Bar Kochba in Judea (132-135 CE), awakening expectations of messianic delivery but cruelly subdued by the Emperor Hadrian.
That is because it was they who fought the Jewish people in a war that destroyed Jerusalem, and then again in the Bar Kochba war.
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CDATA[ Bar Kochba was a tough, G-d fearing Jew whom we remember on Lag Ba'Omer.
Bar Kochba, a Zionist student society founded in Prague in 1899, was another factor in Kafka's growing interest in Zionism.