Bar Kochba

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Bar Kochba

, Bar Kokhba, Bar Kosba
Simeon. died 135 ad. Jewish leader who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans in Palestine

Bar Kochba


(ancient Hebrew, “son of a star”), the honorary surname of Simon, military leader of the anti-Roman insurrection of 132–135 in Judea.

A revolt was sparked by Roman interference in the ritual affairs of the Judeans and by the attempt of the Roman emperor Hadrian to build a Roman colony, Aelia Capitolina, with a shrine to Jupiter, on the site of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by the Romans in the year 70. The ideological leader of the movement was the rabbi Akiba; Bar Kochba was the military organizer. In the course of the revolt, the rebels took 50 fortifications. The city of Bethar became the center of the movement. The rebellion was crushed by the Roman commander Julius Severus. Judea was made part of the province of Syria. Bar Kochba died in the defense of besieged Bethar.

Excavations made in 1952 in the Dead Sea region resulted in the discovery, in a cave of Murabbaat, of a letter written by Bar Kochba during the insurrection of 132–135 to the commander Yeshua ben Galgoula, ordering him not to harm the Christians.


Livshits. G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.
Bokshchanin, A. G. “Iudeiskie vosstaniia 2 v. n. e.” Uchenye zapiski MGU, 1950, issue 143, pp. 43–85.


References in periodicals archive ?
upon the defeat of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132-135 CE) and with the spread of early Christianity" (Times Literary Supplement [October 9, 2009]: 15).
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if the author refers to the year Jerusalem's Second Temple was destroyed, or the year 139 if he means the destruction of the rural settlements of Judah at the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt, it said.
However, it is the slyness of names, the shrewdness of metaphors that allows Sharon to be the heir of Samson; Binyamin Ben-Eliezer to be the heir of Elazar ben Yair; and the "never failed to fail" president of Israel Shimon Peres to be the heir of Simon Bar Kokhba "the Simon of lies" not "the son of the star.
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In 1883, evidently apprehensive of the unrest that might be stirred by the visions of nationhood in such Goldfaden plays as Shulamith and Bar Kokhba, the Russian government shut down the Yiddish theatre.
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The diaries are peppered with reference to Yiddish classics such as Shulamith Bar Kokhba, Gott Mentsh und Tayvil.
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