Barbus


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Barbus

 

(barbels), a genus of fishes of the family Cyprinidae. Members of the genus have two pairs of barbels. The dorsal fin has a denticulated, sometimes smooth, spine.

Barbus are distributed in the continental waters of Africa, Europe, and Asia. The USSR has nine species, which are found in the basins of the Sea of Azov and the Black, Caspian, Baltic, and Aral seas. Barbus are divided into river species, such as the true barbel (B. barbus) and the Crimean barbel (B. tauricus), lake species, such as the Gokcha barbel (B. goktschaicus), and migratory species, such as the Aral barbel (B. brachycephalus) and Bulatmai barbel (B. capito).

The species of greatest commercial value is the Aral barbel, which lives in the Aral Sea. The Aral barbel is up to 120 cm long and weighs more than 20 kg. It feeds on bivalve mollusks. For spawning it enters rivers and swims several hundred kilometers upstream. It spawns from May through July. Fecundity is about 200,000 eggs. The majority of the fry descend to the sea the same year or the following year. In order to preserve the species, the Aral barbel is raised on fish farms.

REFERENCE

Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.

N.N. SAFONOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Darren Flower cuts a client's hair in his Barbus at Llandaff Fields, CardiffRICHARD WILLIAMS
Tombi J, Bilong Bilong CF (2004) Distribution of gill parasites of the freshwater fish Barbus martorelli Roman, 1971 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) and tendency to inverse intensity evolution between Myxosporidia and Monogenea as a function of the host age.
However, the autochthonous fish species were mostly Cichlidae (8 species), Cyprinidae (20 species) especially the genus Barbus (6 species), and Cyprinodontidae of the genus Aphanius (4 species).
It also houses the rarely found cat snake; black desert cobra; black-headed cat snake that roams around Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, and Mediterranean shrub lands; Jayakar's sand boa that hides under the sand and comes out only during the mating season; and 13 species of geckos (lizards); three species of toads; and eight species of fresh water fish including the barbus which is known to be the largest freshwater fish found in the Arabian Peninsula and may grow and weigh up to three kilograms.
Destaca ademas por la presencia de importantes poblaciones de peces como Barbus comiza, Chondostroma polylepis, Rutilus alburnoides, Rutilus lemmingii y Cobitis taenia.
Esto concuerda con estudios realizados en peces teleosteos de agua dulce como piabanha Brycon insignis (16) y el barbo Barbus barbus (Cyprinidae) (20) donde la disminucion de la movilidad y la velocidad tambien iniciaron cuando la osmolaridad del medio de activacion alcanzo valores de 342 y 350 mOsm/kg respectivamente, es decir, ~56 y ~70 mOsm/kg por encima de la osmolaridad del plasma seminal respectivamente de cada especie.
Endocrine disruption in a barbell, Barbus barbus population from the River Jihlava, Czech Republic.
An excellent dancer is said 'to dance like the little barbus who has become drunk with poison'.
It is believed to refer to the Barbus grypus, a carp that grows in the Euphrates River.