Bering Strait

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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Bering Strait,

c.55 mi (90 km) wide, between extreme NE Asia and extreme NW North America, connecting the Arctic Ocean and the Bering Sea. It is usually completely frozen over from October to June. The Diomede IslandsDiomede Islands
, pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses.
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 are in the strait. The narrowness of the strait makes it possible for small boats to cross from Chukchi Peninsula, NE Russia, to Seward Peninsula in Alaska. The strait is named for the Danish explorer Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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, who traversed it in 1728.

During the Ice Age, Alaska and Siberia were connected by land where the strait now is, and many archaeologists believe that ancestors of Native Americans crossed the land bridge to North America. Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, on the Seward Peninsula, is a remnant of the land bridge (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table). See also Americas, antiquity and prehistory of theAmericas, antiquity and prehistory of the,
study of the origins of the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. Archaeologists believe humans had entered and occupied much of the Americas by the end of the Pleistocene epoch, but the date of their original entry into the Americas is
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.

Bering Strait

 

a strait between Asia and North America joining the Arctic Ocean (Chukchi Sea) and the Pacific Ocean (Bering Sea). Its width ranges from 35 to 86 km and its depth reaches 42 m. The Diomede Islands divide it into three passages. Warmer surface water from the Bering Sea crosses the strait to the north, and cold water from the Arctic Ocean crosses the south in the western coastal zone. The strait is covered with drifting ice from October to August. The state border between the USSR and the USA passes through the strait between the Diomede islands. During the Anthropogenic period, land bridges between Eurasia and North America developed more than once on the site of the Bering Strait. The Bering Strait was first crossed by the cossack S. I. Dezhnev and by F. A. Popov (better known in the literature by his patronymic F. Alekseev) during a trading expedition in 1648. It was later crossed in 1728 by the Russian expedition led by V. Bering, by whose name it is known. Portions of the coast were first charted in 1732 by I. Fedorov and M. Gvozdev.

Bering Strait

a strait between Alaska and Russia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean