Barnes Foundation


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Barnes Foundation,

museum and arborteum in Merion and Philadelphia, Pa. Founded in 1922, it houses the impressive art collection amassed by Albert Coombs Barnes, 1872–1951, a wealthy Philadelphia physician, patent-medicine inventor, and pharmaceutical manufacturer. Introduced to art by a schoolmate, the painter William GlackensGlackens, William James,
1870–1938, American landscape and genre painter and illustrator, b. Philadelphia. An illustrator for Philadelphia and New York City newspapers and magazines for many years, Glackens first exhibited his paintings with the Eight and achieved fame as
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, Barnes acquired thousands of works of art and objects. The collection is particularly rich in impressionist and postimpressionist paintings and in European and American moderns, with Renoir, Cézanne, Matisse, and Picasso especially well represented. Also included in the collection are Old Master paintings and drawings, African sculpture, American folk art, antiquities, Native American artifacts, antique furniture, and metal objects. In addition to its collections, the foundation maintains libraries and extensive archives.

Barnes, who scorned traditional museum practice, displayed his eclectic collection in his home in Merion, Pa., outside Philadelphia, in a highly idiosyncratic fashion, envisioning it and the courses offered by the foundation as means of providing art education to the masses. He wrote several books on art and carried on running feuds with various critics and museums. Ten years after his death the collection opened to the public on a regular basis. Barnes left control of his foundation to Lincoln Univ., in SE Pennsylvania, with the stipulation that the collection not be moved or altered.

In 2003, ostensibly to prevent foundation bankruptcy, Lincoln's board voted to relocate the art collection to downtown Philadelphia, and a court decision in 2004 permitted the move. The American architects Tod Williams and Billie Tsien designed the collection's new home, where, by court order, the new galleries replicate those in the Merion building. The Philadephia facility opened in 2012; the art library also is located there. The foundation's archives and arboretum and horticultural library and programs remain in Merion. A third site, Ker-Feal, in West Pikeland Township, is not open to the public; it is the former Barnes family home.

Bibliography

See Great French Paintings from the Barnes Foundation (1993); H. Greenfield, The Devil and Dr. Barnes: Portrait of an American Art Collector (1987); J. Anderson, Art Held Hostage: The Battle over the Barnes Collection (2003); M. A. Meyers, Art, Education, and African-American Culture: Albert Barnes and the Science of Philanthropy (2003); J. F. Dolkart et al., The Barnes Foundation: Masterworks (2012); T. Williams et al., The Architecture of the Barnes Foundation (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
There are venerable art institutions within walking distance of each other: The Rodin Museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Barnes Foundation, which creates new ways to view art by intermingling timelines, genres, and geography.
Just minutes from the Barnes Foundation, the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, Rittenhouse Square, the Financial District, and The Liberty Bell, its unmatched location will allow business and leisure travellers to experience all that the city has to offer.
At the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, "Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flanerie" (through May 22) subverts this idiosyncratic wanderer with works made by more than 50 international artists since 1950, all of which employ the public sphere for sociopolitical commentary.
Williams and Tsien, a husband and wife team, have also designed the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, the Phoenix Art Museum and the Logan Center for the Arts in Chicago.
The Barnes Foundation, in a notable expansion of its historical purview, has assembled artworks stretching from the postwar era to today that were made with the flaneur's most esteemed qualities in mind: alacrity, an openness to the public and social discourse, a focus on daily life, and a flair for performance.
Philadelphia was already renowned for its rich history and vibrant arts scene, including The Barnes Foundation museum and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, where Sylvester Stallone ran up the steps in "Rocky.
Those convictions would nourish him during a shifting career as a teacher, school administrator, university professor, foundation head and, ultimately, a key actor in the ugly drama that led to the relocation of the dazzling art collection of Philadelphia's Barnes Foundation, an episode that stamped him as a hero or a demon, depending on one's perspective.
The Barnes Foundation, which opened in Merion, Philadelphia in 1925, was established first and foremost as an educational institution, under the influence of Albert C.
Three new large-scale Installations, each created specifically for the Barnes Foundation, will be displayed in this three-month-long exhibit.
The August 2014 issue includes features on Red Wanting Blue, Jon Bon Jovi & the Kings of Suburbia, Stormin' Norman Seldin, Eric Deggans of NPR, Jennifer Harmon (starring in "Blithe Spirit" at Cape May Stage), playwright Tom Matthew Wolfe (author of "Janice Underwater" at Premiere Stages), film reviews of "The Expendables" and "What If", and a review of the Paul Cezanne exhibit at the Barnes Foundation.
The magnificent mile-long Parkway, designed to emulate the Champs- Elysees in Paris, is also home to the Rodin Museum (with the most Rodin sculptures outside of the French capital) and the Barnes Foundation (full of works by Cezanne, Picasso, Renoir and van Gogh).
I was only just beginning to warm up after visiting the Independence Hall, birthplace of the United States of America, Liberty Bell Centre, and the Constitution Centre, the place where the constitution was drawn up, when our tour took us to the Barnes Foundation.