Barnes Foundation


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Barnes Foundation,

museum and arborteum in Merion and Philadelphia, Pa. Founded in 1922, it houses the impressive art collection amassed by Albert Coombs Barnes, 1872–1951, a wealthy Philadelphia physician, patent-medicine inventor, and pharmaceutical manufacturer. Introduced to art by a schoolmate, the painter William GlackensGlackens, William James,
1870–1938, American landscape and genre painter and illustrator, b. Philadelphia. An illustrator for Philadelphia and New York City newspapers and magazines for many years, Glackens first exhibited his paintings with the Eight and achieved fame as
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, Barnes acquired thousands of works of art and objects. The collection is particularly rich in impressionist and postimpressionist paintings and in European and American moderns, with Renoir, Cézanne, Matisse, and Picasso especially well represented. Also included in the collection are Old Master paintings and drawings, African sculpture, American folk art, antiquities, Native American artifacts, antique furniture, and metal objects. In addition to its collections, the foundation maintains libraries and extensive archives.

Barnes, who scorned traditional museum practice, displayed his eclectic collection in his home in Merion, Pa., outside Philadelphia, in a highly idiosyncratic fashion, envisioning it and the courses offered by the foundation as means of providing art education to the masses. He wrote several books on art and carried on running feuds with various critics and museums. Ten years after his death the collection opened to the public on a regular basis. Barnes left control of his foundation to Lincoln Univ., in SE Pennsylvania, with the stipulation that the collection not be moved or altered.

In 2003, ostensibly to prevent foundation bankruptcy, Lincoln's board voted to relocate the art collection to downtown Philadelphia, and a court decision in 2004 permitted the move. The American architects Tod Williams and Billie Tsien designed the collection's new home, where, by court order, the new galleries replicate those in the Merion building. The Philadephia facility opened in 2012; the art library also is located there. The foundation's archives and arboretum and horticultural library and programs remain in Merion. A third site, Ker-Feal, in West Pikeland Township, is not open to the public; it is the former Barnes family home.

Bibliography

See Great French Paintings from the Barnes Foundation (1993); H. Greenfield, The Devil and Dr. Barnes: Portrait of an American Art Collector (1987); J. Anderson, Art Held Hostage: The Battle over the Barnes Collection (2003); M. A. Meyers, Art, Education, and African-American Culture: Albert Barnes and the Science of Philanthropy (2003); J. F. Dolkart et al., The Barnes Foundation: Masterworks (2012); T. Williams et al., The Architecture of the Barnes Foundation (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
Those convictions would nourish him during a shifting career as a teacher, school administrator, university professor, foundation head and, ultimately, a key actor in the ugly drama that led to the relocation of the dazzling art collection of Philadelphia's Barnes Foundation, an episode that stamped him as a hero or a demon, depending on one's perspective.
The August 2014 issue includes features on Red Wanting Blue, Jon Bon Jovi & the Kings of Suburbia, Stormin' Norman Seldin, Eric Deggans of NPR, Jennifer Harmon (starring in "Blithe Spirit" at Cape May Stage), playwright Tom Matthew Wolfe (author of "Janice Underwater" at Premiere Stages), film reviews of "The Expendables" and "What If", and a review of the Paul Cezanne exhibit at the Barnes Foundation.
I was only just beginning to warm up after visiting the Independence Hall, birthplace of the United States of America, Liberty Bell Centre, and the Constitution Centre, the place where the constitution was drawn up, when our tour took us to the Barnes Foundation.
A culture capital, it boasts the most artistic mile in the country, stretching from City Hall to the Museum of Art, including the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Barnes Foundation and the Rodin Museum.
Designed by Ted Williams Billie Tsien Architects (TWBTA), the New York-based firm responsible for the American Folk Art Museum and the Barnes Foundation, Lakeside is a $74 million restoration and redesign of an underutilized section of the park.
The purchase instantly put the Museums Authority into the big leagues of international collections, with the others in Cezanne's five-painting series held by the Musee d'Orsay in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Courtauld in London and the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia.
To mark this sesquicentennial milestone, the school commemorated the occasion with a gala event on Saturday, April 13, at The Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia.
In 1922, he initiated his project, establishing the Barnes Foundation for 'the promotion of the advancement of education and the appreciation of the fine arts'.
In addition, we see that those who would exploit the Barnes Foundation must contend with a well-organized cadre of Marion residents, perturbed with the convoys of buses that block their driveways and disgorge tourists and litter upon their sidewalks and lawns.
At issue was "control" of the Barnes Foundation, an arboretum and prized collection of thousands of pieces of art including works by Cezanne, Renoir, Matisse and others.
Like Philadelphia's famed Barnes Foundation collection of paintings, the Simeone Foundation is a personal collection, assembled over a long period of time with a singular vision.