Lana

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Lana

 

(from Latin lana, “wool”), a medieval guild of wool-workers in an Italian city.

The Florentine lana is particularly noteworthy; the first mention of it dates to 1212, and its statute of 1317 has survived. Lana merchants bought wool in North Africa, Spain, and England and passed it on to be worked by the artisans bound to the guild. In the 14th century some finishing operations were carried out in workshops by day-laborers (ciompi). According to the chronicle of G. Villani, in the early 14th century there were more than 300 workshops of merchant entrepreneurs in the lana, producing 100,000 pieces of cloth (at least 1 million meters) annually. Within the limits of the lana, which retained many medieval features, the first scattered manufactories in world history with elements of centralization appeared in Florence, Siena, and a number of other cities. The proprietors of the largest lana workshops of the 14th and 15th centuries made up the nucleus of the ruling elite of popolani of Florence. In other cities (including Bologna, Milan, and Genoa) the lana retained more traditional features.

References in periodicals archive ?
The shelf life of products is substantially prolonged and weight loss and spoilage caused through contamination by micro-organisms and other poor conditions can be greatly reduced to offer measurable cost savings to BARO Applied Technology's customers.
Baro Wood, based in Atvidaberg in Sweden, produces sawn and impregnated wood products and pellets.
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Segun Martin- Baro (1982), el proceso de "institucionalizacion de la mentira" se materializo en el caso salvadoreno mediante dos vias.
Today, the baro is sardonically referred to as pamburol, casket attire).
The group, composed of Baro, CNU, Jinyoung, Sandeul and Gongchan, expressed excitement in meeting their local fans.
Amaia esta feliz junto a al empresario sevillano Rosauro Baro, su pareja desde hace tres anos y padre de su hija, todavia no han decidido dar el paso de casarse.
says Lee Rhoades, COO for BARO North America, based in St Louis, Mo.
BAJAUR AGENCY -- In a bid to provide best learning environment and education facilities, the administration of Bajaur Agency rehabilitated militancy affected three government schools for boys in Baro village, Shin Kot and Hilal Kheil village of Nawagai.
PESHAWAR, June 24, 2011 (Frontier Star): The Political Authorities of Mohmand Agency has constructed a flood protection wall to help secure a large population of Baro Khel Barai Killi, Tehsil Halimzai from the dangers of future floods.
Orquestra Tipica Novel Mauricio Smith (flute), Ronnie Baro (guiro), Jimmy Delgado (timbal), Ali Bello (violin)