Barragán, Luis

Barragán, Luis,

1902–88, Mexican architect. Trained as an engineer, he traveled in France and Spain in the 1920s, and in France again in the early 30s when met and was influenced by Le CorbusierLe Corbusier
, pseud. of Charles Édouard Jeanneret
, 1887–1965, French architect, b. La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. Often known simply as "Corbu," he was one of the most influential architects of the 20th cent.
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. In 1927 he set up an architectural office in Guadalajara, moving it to Mexico City in 1936. Barragán's work mingles the quintessentially Mexican with elements of modernist architecture and shapes derived from nature. Concentrating on residential buildings and gardens and working exclusively in Mexico, he typically created vast walls of concrete, adobe, or stucco that meet in sharp angles; his walls are sometimes cut by rows of arches and often feature still or flowing water. His colors also reflect his homeland, with walls and other features in contrasting jewellike colors such as turquoise, pink, yellow, cerulian blue, and bright orange or in subtle earthtones. Among his best-known works are the El Pedregal subdivision, Mexico City (1943–52) and the Capuchin chapel and convent, Tlalpan (1952–53). Barragán received the Pritzker PrizePritzker Prize,
officially The Pritzker Architecture Prize
, award for excellence in architecture, given annually since 1979. Largely modeled on the Nobel Prize, it is the premier architectural award in the United States and is named for the family that founded the
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 in 1980.

Bibliography

See J. M. B. Julbez and J. Palomar, The Life and Work of Luis Barragán (1997); R. Burri, Luis Barragán (2000); R. Rispa, ed., Barragan: The Complete Works (2003); D. Pauly, Barragán Space and Shadow, Walls and Colour (2008).