barrel organ

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barrel organ,

mechanical musical instrument requiring nothing but the regular rotary motion of a handle to keep it going. It probably originated at the beginning of the 18th cent., and was once used extensively in English churches. A revolving cylinder is fitted with pegs that open valves, permitting air to enter a set of organ pipes. Some larger ones have several sets of pipes and various couplers. They can be operated by clockwork, by weights, and by electric motors. A portable type of barrel organ whose cylinder is turned by a hand crank has been mistakenly called hurdy-gurdyhurdy-gurdy,
musical instrument with three strings, caused to vibrate by a wooden wheel turned by a crank. Stopping was accomplished by keys that usually affected only one string that played the melody, the others acting as drones. Usually two players were required.
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, from which it is fundamentally different.

Barrel Organ


a mechanical wind instrument. The barrel organ, a type of portative organ, resembles a small box and consists of bellows, organ pipes in one or more ranks, and cylinders equipped with metal pins. As the cylinder is turned by a hand crank, the pins engage a special mechanism that opens a passage permitting air to reach the pipes; at the same time, air is pumped by means of the bellows. Some barrel organs have replaceable cylinders and can thus perform several musical pieces. The instrument, which first appeared in Western Europe in the 18th century and in Russia in the first quarter of the 19th century, was popular among itinerant musicians. The barrel organ is called a katerynka in the Ukraine and a katarynka in Poland.


Buchner, A. Musikinstrumente im Wandel der Zeiten. Prague, 1956.


barrel organ

1. an instrument consisting of a cylinder turned by a handle and having pins on it that interrupt the air flow to certain pipes, thereby playing any of a number of tunes
2. a similar instrument in which the projections on a rotating barrel pluck a set of strings
References in classic literature ?
One barrel-organ and a dancing-monkey - sportive by nature, but fast fading into a dull, lumpish monkey, of the Utilitarian school.
I want to know,' said Arthur Clennam,--and again stated his case in the same barrel-organ way.
Victorian-themed entertainment included a traditional Punch and Judy show, storytellers, croquet, Victorian parlour games and a barrel-organ player.
At Cardiff Castle, the Victorian-themed entertainment included a traditional Punch and Judy show, storytellers, croquet, Victorian parlour games and a barrel-organ player.
Chesterton's use of a barrel-organ also suggests Syme's
But at that moment in the street below a barrel-organ struck up.
From a cluster of streets to the north of Digbeth Italian ice-cream makers and barrel-organ players emerged every morning to ply their trade.
While a call to the Press Attache at the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Hyde Park Gate (SouthKensington) only produced unending and thus infuriating Dutch street barrel-organ music,other media sources on this up market beverage were more forthcoming.