Barrel Vault

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Related to Barrel-vault: barrel arch

barrel vault

[′bar·əl ‚vȯlt]
(architecture)
A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas. Also known as barrel roof; cradle vault; tunnel vault; wagonhead vault; wagon vault.

barrel vault

A masonry vault resting on two parallel walls having the form of a half cylinder, sometimes called a tunnel vault.
See also: Vault

Barrel Vault

 

in architecture, a roof shaped as a semi-cylinder with a raised and tapered top, as a result of which the facade has a keellike pediment. Barrel vaults, seen in religious and civil architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries, are most often built of wood (for example, the churches of the Russian north, the palace in Kolomenskoie) and more rarely of stone (the church in the village of Taininskaia in Moscow Oblast). The crossing of two barrel vaults forms a cross barrel vault or a cubelike roof.

barrel vault, barrel roof, cradle vault, tunnel vault, wagonhead vault, wagon vault

A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas.