tumulus

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tumulus

(to͞o`myələs), plural tumuli (–lī), in archaeology, a heap of earth or stones placed over a grave. The terms moundmound,
prehistoric earthwork erected over a burial place as a memorial or landmark, a defensive embankment, or a site for ceremonial or religious rites. Such structures are found in many parts of the world, but the name is applied in particular to those of North America,
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, barrowbarrow,
in archaeology, a burial mound. Earth and stone or timber are the usual construction materials; in parts of SE Asia stone and brick have entirely replaced earth. A barrow built primarily of stone is often called a cairn.
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, or cairncairn,
pile of stones, usually conical in shape, raised as a landmark or a memorial. In prehistoric times it was usually erected over a burial. A barrow is sometimes called a cairn.
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 are more common in modern usage.

tumulus

A mound of earth or stone protecting a tomb chamber or simple grave; a barrow, 2.

tumulus

Archaeol (no longer in technical usage) another word for barrow2
References in periodicals archive ?
In view of his objectives, primarily the study of social aspects and problems of mutual inter-relations between the barrow burial rite and Christianity, Van de Noort focused his interest upon the richly furnished barrows dated to the period 550-750 AD.
The preference for a barrow burial may in these instances have been religiously inspired.
It dares from the time of Peter the Great, who ordered the excavation of barrow burials in the early 18th century.