Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste

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Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste

(frādārēk` ōgüst` bärtōldē`), 1834–1904, French sculptor, b. Colmar, Alsace. He studied painting under Ary Scheffer but turned to sculpture. Among his many works is a colossal group, Switzerland Succoring Strasbourg, presented by France to Switzerland and now at Basel. His monuments and statues include those of Martin Schongauer at Colmar, Vercingetorix at Clermont-Ferrand, and Lafayette and Washington at Paris. Union Square, New York City, has his sculpture of Lafayette. Bartholdi's colossal Lion of Belfort commemorates the heroic defense of BelfortBelfort
, city (1990 pop. 51,913), capital of the Territory of Belfort (a department), E France, in Alsace. An important industrial and transportation center, it has large cotton mills and metalworks. A major fortress town since the 17th cent.
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 in 1870–71 and is carved from the rock flanking the citadel. His best-known work is Liberty Enlightening the World (see Liberty, Statue ofLiberty, Statue of,
statue on Liberty Island in Upper New York Bay, commanding the entrance to New York City. Liberty Island, c.10 acres (4 hectares), formerly Bedloe's Island (renamed in 1956), was the former site of a quarantine station and harbor fortifications.
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), erected on Bedloe's Island, New York Bay, and dedicated in 1886.