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Bartholomew I,1940–, Orthodox patriarch of Constantinople, b. Imvros, Turkey, as Dimitrios Archondonis. He attended theological seminary in İstanbul and later studied in Rome, Switzerland, and Germany. Chief adviser and administrator for Patriarch Dimitrios I, he was elected patriarch after his predecessor's death (1991). Prior to his election, he was metropolitan of Chalcedon from 1990 to 1991. Bartholomew has advocated contacts with other Christian churches, while strongly opposing efforts of some of them to win converts in traditional Orthodox lands in E Europe; he also has attempted to aid Orthodox Eastern churchesOrthodox Eastern Church,
community of Christian churches whose chief strength is in the Middle East and E Europe. Their members number some 300 million worldwide. The Orthodox agree doctrinally in accepting as ecumenical the first seven councils (see council, ecumenical) and in
..... Click the link for more information. in E Europe.