Bushmen

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Bushmen:

see SanSan
, people of SW Africa (mainly Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa), consisting of several groups and numbering about 100,000 in all. They are generally short in stature; their skin is yellowish brown in color; and they have broad noses, flat ears, bulging foreheads,
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Bushmen

 

the oldest indigenous population of southern and eastern Africa. The Bushmen live in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, in the vicinity of the Etosha depresion in Namibia, and regions adjacent to it in Botswana, Angola, and the Republic of South Africa; there is a small number in Tanzania. Total population is approximately 50, 000 (1967 estimate). They speak Bushman and Bantu languages. At one time the Bushmen were settled throughout southern Africa, but they were driven back by Bantu peoples migrating from the north and European colonizers (from the south); the latter systematically exterminated the Bushmen. They lead the life of nomadic hunters and gatherers of wild fruits.

The Bushmen are widely known as skillful masters of expressive paintings on rocks. These paintings, executed with mineral and earth pigments, including lime and soot, which aie diluted in water and animal fat, are preserved on the territory of the Republic of South Africa, Lesotho, Rhodesia, and Namibia. The dating of the oldest of these paintings is associated with various theories on the origin of Bushman art and ranges from thousands to several hundreds of years B.C. Motifs in the paintings include realistically depicted animals, dynamic hunting and battle scenes filled with expression, human figures in very elongated proportions, and fabulous creatures. The oldest layers were done with one pigment (red or brown), whereas recent layers (late 19th century) are multicolored with soft transitional tones.

REFERENCES

Ellenberger, V. Tragicheskii konets bushmenov. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from French.)
Tonque, H. Bushmen Paintings. Oxford, 1909.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the Ache (Kaplan & Hill, 1985) and the Basarwa (Cashdan, 1985) were found to share unpredictable food acquisitions, such as meat and honey, much more often than other, less variable food options, like vegetation.
Melinda Ebert (1977) highlights the economic value of basketry among the Basarwa men and women in Botswana.
He then created the animals and went back into the hole from which subsequently emerged the Basarwa ('Bushmen') and Bakgalagadi peoples.
Estas aparecen en variadas formas, pueden ser simples espacios abiertos en el centro de un campamento, como en la tradicional sociedad Basarwa o pueden ser complejas, como los recintos ceremoniales, cuartos potlatching o residencias de los jefes en las sociedades de la Costa Norte de America, como los Tlingit y Haida.
Other places where San people can be found include countries like Mozambique, Swaziland and Botswana, where they are variously known as the Sho, Basarwa, Kung, Khwe or Bushmen.
Ethnic groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, and others, including Kgalagadi and white 7%.
I am happy with the judgment but not completely happy," Basarwa activist Amohelang Segotsane says.
Ethnic groups: Tswana 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero, Bayeyi, Hambukush, Basarwa ("San"), Khoi, whites 10%.
In addition to Setapa, the sing-along performance by the seven-member troupe also featured tribal dances from Kalanga and Basarwa or the Bushmen communities of Botswana.
With the possible exception of Becker (1983), none of the above explanations apply to the case with very small minorities, such as the Basarwa ethnic group in Botswana, First nations people in Canada, Blacks in the USA, and the Romas in Romania.
The Basarwa people who were featured in the 1980s' film, The Gods Must Be Crazy, are often called Bushmen, a derogatory term suffused with racist undertones, portraying the history of their culture, peoples and traditions as primitive and valueless in the modern "civilised", industrialised and high-tech world.