Basel Peace Treaties of 1795

Basel Peace Treaties of 1795

 

separate peace treaties signed in Basel, Switzerland, between the French Republic and two of the participants in the first anti-French coalition, Prussia and Spain.

(1) On April 5 the treaty between France and Prussia was signed, according to which Prussia recognized French annexation of the left bank of the Rhine. The treaty also included a number of secret clauses.

(2) On July 22 the treaty between France and Spain was signed. By the terms of this treaty France received the Spanish part of the island of Haiti, and those parts of Catalonia and Navarre and the Basque Provinces occupied by French troops were returned to Spain. The Basel treaties were the result of the French army’s successes and the intensifying contradictions within the first anti-French coalition. The conclusion of these treaties signified the beginning of the dissolution of that coalition.

PUBLICATION

Clercq, M. de. Recueil des traités de la France, t. I. 1713–1802. Paris, 1864. Pages 232–36.
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