Bashkir


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Bashkir: Tatar, Bashkir people

Bashkir

 

the language of the Bashkir people; related to the Kipchak group of the western branch of the Turkic languages. The principal dialects are the southern (Iurmata) and the eastern (Kuvakan). The language is spoken in the territory of the Bashkir ASSR. Bashkir is spoken by approximately 612,000 people (1959 census). Bashkir is quite similar to Tatar, although they differ in phonetic and certain grammatical features.

Bashkir has the following distinctive phonetic features: (1) the presence of the weak vowels [ï], [ě], [], and [öˇ] (orthographically “ï,” “e,” “o,” and “ö”; (2) the correspondence of Bashkir [i], [u], and [ü] to Common Turkic [e], [o], and [ö]; (3) the presence of a labialized [å] (the same as in Tatar); (4) the presence of the interdental fricatives [e] and [], corresponding to the Common Turkic [s] and [z]; (5) the presence of the glottal fricative [h] (at the beginning of a syllable), corresponding to Common Turkic [s]; and (6) the correspondence of Bashkir [s] to Common Turkic [č].

The Bashkir literary language has flourished during the Soviet period. The Bashkir writing system was based on the Arabic script until 1929, on the Latin alphabet from 1929 to 1939, and on the Cyrillic alphabet since 1939.

REFERENCES

Dmitriev, N. K. Grammatika bashkirskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Baishev, T. G. Bashkirskie dialekty v ikh otnoshenii k literaturnomu iazyku. Moscow, 1955.
Bashkirsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1958.
Russko-bashkirskii slovar’. Moscow, 1964.
Äkhmär, K. Bashqort telendä yabay höyläm sintaksise. Ufa, 1957.
Kiekbaev, Zh. G. Bashqort teleneng fonetikahï. Ufa, 1958.
Säitbattalov, G. G. Bashqort teleneng qushma hoylam sintaksise. Ufa, 1961.

E. A. POTSELUEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The merger of the intellectual component of the Samara, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Tatar, Bashkir Scientific Research Institute, as well as NPF "Fiton" (Kazakhstan) and since 2015 LLC "Agrocomplex" Kurgansement "and LLP" Aktyubinsk Agricultural Experimental Station "(Kazakhstan) allows to explore simultaneously in several different zones all selection samples selected for the adaptive capacity assessment.
24) Shagimardan Miriasovich Ibragimov (1841-91), from the Bashkir nobility of Orenburg Province, for instance, served in the Turkestan governor-generals office before he was posted as the first Russian consul to Jidda in 1891.
Nowadays, when one talks to a Muslim Tatar or Bashkir, or to a Christian Slav, what matters is not the rejection of the "Tatar Yoke" by Ivan III, but rather the memories of the "Great Patriotic War" (Second World War), when all of them had a grandfather fighting and often dying in the Russian/Soviet war to the death with the Third Reich.
Visitors to the Sabuntuy had a chance to see an improvised Tatar hut and outbuildings, find out more about the culture and everyday life of the Bashkir people, visit the open-air museum of folklore and ethnography, try national cuisine and purchase national souvenirs.
Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University, Bashkir-American Intercollege are converted to the UNESCO Club as a public organization that unites students on a voluntary basis to promote human principles and ideals of UNESCO at the university.
We remind that Soda is now being merged with Kaustik to join newly established Bashkir Soda Company.
La mayor parte de su infancia la paso en Ufa, capital de la Republica de Bashkir, en la Union Sovietica, al lado de tres hermanas mayores.
Even though she studied English and foreign literature at the Bashkir State University in her home city Ufa, and qualified as a philologist and a teacher, she knew her passion for art would never fade: "I firmly believe that if something is inside of you, if you really enjoy doing something it will come back no matter how many years later".
5 billion it is paying for Bashkir oil assets, after years of disputes over their fate between the Kremlin and regional authorities.
ENERGY RESOURCE-9 April 2009-Sistema Concludes Acquisition of Majority Stake in Bashkir Group(C)2009 JeraOne - http://www.
She explains why she considers a word to be of Mongolian origin in Volga-Kipchak languages, thematic groups of Middle Mongolian loan words in those languages, and the same words sorted into alphabetical order, She also provides observations on Tatar and Bashkir phonetics.
The American Bashkir Curly horse dates back to 1898, when Peter Damele and his father were riding horseback in the Peter Hanson Mountain Range in the remote high country of central Nevada, near Austin.