Bashkortostan


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Bashkortostan

(bäshkôr`tĭstän') or

Bashkir Republic

(băshkĭr`), constituent republic (1990 pop. 4,100,100), 55,444 sq mi (143,600 sq km), E European Russia, in the S Urals, occupying the Belaya River basin. UfaUfa
, city (1989 pop. 1,082,000), capital of Bashkortostan, E European Russia, at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa rivers. An industrial center in the Urals, Ufa produces electrical and mining equipment and has oil refineries and a major petrochemical industry.
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 is the capital; other important cities are SterlitamakSterlitamak
, city (1989 pop. 247,000), Bashkortostan, E European Russia, on the Belaya River. It is a port and the center of a chemical complex. Milling and construction equipment and food products are also made. Founded in the second half of the 18th cent.
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, BeloretskBeloretsk
, city (1989 pop. 72,000), in Bashkortostan, W Siberian Russia, in the Urals and on the Belaya River. One of the oldest industrial cities of the Urals region, Beloretsk is a metallurgical center, with industries that produce steel wire and cables.
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, and IshimbayIshimbay
, city (1989 pop. 70,000), Bashkortostan, E European Russia, on the Belaya River. Founded in 1932, Ishimbay developed around the first major oil field of the Volga-Ural region, formerly the leading Soviet oil area.
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. The Trans-Siberian and South Siberian railroads cross the republic. Bashkortostan forms the eastern part of the Volga-Ural petroleum region and also has natural gas, coal, salt, iron, gold, copper, zinc, bauxite, and manganese deposits. The drilling, refining, and processing of oil is the predominant economic activity. About 40% of the land is forested, and sawmilling and the production of plywood and paper are important. Grains (especially wheat, rye, and oats) are the chief agricultural products. The republic's population is made up of Bashkirs (about 21%), Russians (about 40%), and Tatars (about 25%). The Bashkirs, a mixture of Finno-Ugric, Turkic, and Mongolian tribes, are a Muslim people who speak a Turkic language very close to Tatar. Historically, the Bashkirs were controlled by the Volga Bulgars and the Golden Horde, and later by the khanates of Kazan, Nogai, and Siberia. In 1557, during the reign of Ivan IV, they came under Muscovite rule. The Russians founded Ufa in 1574 and began colonization, dispossessing the Bashkirs, who revolted numerous times during the next two centuries (notably under Pugachev in 1773–75). In 1917 a Bashkir national government was formed, but the region experienced heavy fighting between the Red and White armies in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution. In 1919, the region was made the first autonomous Soviet republic. In 1990 the republic passed a declaration of sovereignty, and in 1991 it declared itself independent, although this declaration was not recognized by any other government. It was a signatory, under the name Republic of Bashkortostan, to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
Open Competition: Development Of The Project Planning And Surveying Project To The Urban Development Plan As Part Of The Land Surveying Project Area Bounded By Western Highway, Street Energetikov Communication Corridor At The Northern Boundary Of The Former Village Novoaleksandrovka And Inside The Plant Of New In The Ordzhonikidze District Of The City District Ufa Republic Of Bashkortostan
He requested cooperation between the businessmen of Pakistan and the Republic of the Bashkortostan.
Beijing, July 8 (BNA) Chinese President Xi Jinping today headed to the Russian city of Ufa in Bashkortostan to attend the 7th BRICS Summit, set to be held on July 8-9.
President of Bashkortostan Rustem Khamitov proposed the Uzbek delegation to consider opening of Consulate General of Uzbekistan in Ufa during their April 27 meeting.
Ufa, SANA Minister of Awqaf (Religious Endowments) Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed discussed with Members of the Presidential Council in Republic of Bashkortostan means of cooperation for confronting terrorism and extremism, which have spread in Syria and Iraq.
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- At least two people were killed and 76 more were injured as heavy storm swept the Russia's Bashkortostan Republic.
Minikhanov and Head of Administration for Ufa district area, Davydov Mikhail Vladimirovich visited GreenWorld Restoration's facilities in Austin, TX to discuss a joint effort for instituting more sustainable building development practices in Bashkortostan.
The festival program included a concert by folk artists from Moscow, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan, games and fun competitions, and bouts of “Keresh”, a national style of wrestling.
The tragedy occurred Saturday in the republic of Bashkortostan where the youths, ages 10 and 12, failed to return home.
MHI) and Sojitz Corporation of Japan, jointly with Renaissance Construction (RC), have received an order from JSC Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat (GNS) of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation, for a project to construct a new acrylic acid plant capable of producing acrylic acid, butyl acrylate, and glacial acrylic acid concurrently, which process technology is licensed by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC).
We update our model for RusHydro taking account of acquisition of Eastern RAO and Bashkortostan electricity sales company, cancellation of the investment fee and tougher business conditions for RusHydro's sales assets.
Tayeb recently visited the Russian republic of Bashkortostan to attend an international conference at the invitation of its President Rustem Khamitov.