Elementary Mathematics

(redirected from Basic mathematics)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Elementary Mathematics


a somewhat vaguely defined part of mathematics. Elementary mathematics embraces the branches, problems, and methods of mathematics in which the general concepts of, for example, variable, function, and limit are not used. In other words, it uses the general mathematical concepts (abstractions) that took shape before the appearance of mathematical analysis. Within the framework of these concepts it has continued to develop and has even obtained new results (seeMATHEMATICS: History of mathematics up to the 19th century: Period of elementary mathematics).

Elementary mathematics encompasses primarily arithmetic, elementary number theory, elementary algebra, elementary geometry, and trigonometry. It may be concisely characterized as the mathematics of constants. This description, however, is not entirely accurate, since elementary mathematics deals not only with constant quantities but also with geometric figures, whose “magnitude”—for example, position—may not be pertinent to the problem at hand. Moreover, the purview of elementary mathematics extends to such variable quantities as trigonometric functions.

The variable quantities dealt with in elementary mathematics are defined in a special manner. The determination of the circumference of a circle provides an illustration of this idea. In essence, such a determination makes use of the concept of limit, but not in a general form; a specially defined sequence is considered—the sequence of perimeters of inscribed and circumscribed polygons. The general concepts of function and limit fall beyond the scope of elementary mathematics, as do the general concepts of curve and surface; indeed, the only figures dealt with in elementary mathematics are those given by a special construction.

Number theory often makes use of “elementary” proofs, in which the methods of mathematical analysis are not employed. This elementary number theory, it should be noted, is not at all elementary in the sense of being characterized by simplicity.

The term “elementary mathematics” is also applied to the mathematical disciplines studied in secondary general-education schools. In this sense elementary mathematics is distinguished from higher mathematics.

References in periodicals archive ?
Around 8 stalls were set up for basic level to advanced level, including Basic Mathematics stall, Arithmetic operation, differential equation, Integration, Number system and others.
In a technical age, it's no wonder the skill listed most often in projected job openings is "process records and maintain forms and files" and the second most listed skill is "use basic mathematics.
Within just five months of its inception, participants have learned the Nepali alphabet and are now able to write their own names, can read simple sentences and do basic mathematics.
Falasteen Awad, director of Orient Spirit, who briefed Her Majesty about the center's programs such as Academia, a basic teaching program to help the students read information, and do basic mathematics in their everyday lives.
There is only one way to treat the problem of underachievement in English and basic mathematics and that is to keep back all 11 year olds in year 6 (the top class of juniors) until they have acquired the requisite standard for entry into secondary school.
Mathematics: Journey from Basic Mathematics Through Intermediate Algebra, 1[sup.
The financial wellness workplace programme includes key subject areas such as Basic Mathematics and Numeracy, Money Well-being, Save Wise & Savings Plan, Finances and your Children as well as Managing a Side Business, among others.
These results include deploying teachers more equitably across and within districts; getting capitation grants to schools on time; gathering data and monitoring results much more effectively; motivating teachers to spend more time teaching; and improving student achievement in reading, writing, and basic mathematics by the end of Grade 2.
The monkeys were able to reapply their previous knowledge to the new set and continue performing basic mathematics, the Verge reported.
Understanding Maths: Basic Mathematics Explained (4th edition)
The program focuses on enhancing and certifying an individual's essential workplace skills, such as basic mathematics and reading comprehension.
The other topics are basic mathematics, fluid mechanics, separators, overpressure protection, and glycol dehydration.

Full browser ?