basilica

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basilica

(bəsĭl`ĭkə), large building erected by the Romans for transacting business and disposing of legal matters. Rectangular in form with a roofed hall, the building usually contained an interior colonnade, with an apse at one end or at each end. The central aisle tended to be wide and was higher than the flanking aisles, so that light could penetrate through the clerestory windows. The oldest known basilica was built in Rome in 184 B.C. by the elder Cato. Other early examples are the Basilica Porcia in Rome and one at Pompeii (late 2d cent. B.C.). Probably the most splendid Roman basilica is the one constructed during the reign of Maxentius and finished by Constantine after 313. In the 4th cent. Christians began to build edifices for worship that were related to the form of the basilicas. These had a center nave with one aisle at each side and an apse at one end: on this platform sat the bishop and priests. Basilicas of this type were built not only in Western Europe but in Greece, Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. A good example of the Middle Eastern basilica is the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem (6th cent.). The finest basilicas in Rome were St. John Lateran and St. Paul's-outside-the-Walls (4th cent.), and San Clemente (6th cent.). Gradually there emerged the massive Romanesque churches, which still retained the fundamental plan of the basilica.

Basilica

A Roman hall of justice with a high central space lit by a clerestory with a timbered gable roof. It became the form of the early Christian church, with a semicircular apse at the end preceded by a vestibule and atrium.

Basilica

 

(Greek: Basiliká), last codification of Byzantine law, completed in A.D. 890 during the reign of Emperor Leo VI (the Wise), and consisting of 60 books.

The Basilica is based on Justinian’s code of laws. Nevertheless, certain of the code’s regulations that were outmoded or abolished were not included in the Basilica. Moreover, in the Basilica each legal institution is examined in only one place and not in various books, as was the case with Justinian’s code of laws. In drawing up the Basilica, the Procheiron was also utilized, and in the latest copies of the Basilica excerpts are cited from the works of Byzantine jurists of the 11th and 12th centuries. In its class orientation the Basilica reflected the process of peasant oppression. Serfdom was again legalized, and restrictions were removed on the enlargement of private landholdings.

REFERENCE

Basilicorum libri LX, vols. 1-6, edited by C. G. E. Heimbach; vol. 7, edited by E. G. Terrini and J. Mercati. Leipzig, 1833-97.

Z. M. CHERNILOVSKII

basilica

basilica: Typical plan. A, D, apse; B, B’, secondary apse; C, high altar; D, bishop’s throne; G, transept; H, nave; J, J’, aisles
1. A Roman hall of justice, typically with a high central space lit by a clerestory and lower aisles all around it, and with apses or exedrae for the seats of the judges.
2. The form of the early Christian church, a central high nave with clerestory, lower aisles along the sides only,

basilica

1. a Roman building, used for public administration, having a large rectangular central nave with an aisle on each side and an apse at the end
2. a rectangular early Christian or medieval church, usually having a nave with clerestories, two or four aisles, one or more vaulted apses, and a timber roof
3. a Roman Catholic church having special ceremonial rights
References in periodicals archive ?
The conservation, safety and seismic improvement of the Basilica were the main objectives of the restoration project, as well as the protection of the historical, artistic and cultural value of the monument.
The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene is a prominent Roman Catholic Latin-rite Basilica located in the District of Quiapo in Manila.
Joseph's Basilica, the oldest of 75 Polish-American parishes in New England, is the "Mother Church of all New England Polish-Americans," according to the monsignor.
A la basilica de San Francisco y al sagrado convento anexo, asi como a la basilica de Santa Maria de los Angeles asignamos como nuestro legado a un cardenal de la santa Iglesia romana, el cual, aun sin gozar de jurisdiccion, tendra la mision de perpetuar con su autoridad moral los estrechos vinculos de comunion entre los lugares sagrados por el recuerdo del Poverello y esta Sede apostolica.
Each day, with guidebook, map, and camera in hand, we set off for another Gothic basilica, this one with a pulpit by Donatello, that one with a crucifix by Giotto.
The church was designed in the form of a Latin cross and in the style of a Roman Basilica (Fig.
Archbishop George Carey and Metropolitan Athanasios, representing Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, the spiritual leader of the world's Orthodox Christians, knelt in silent prayer with the Pontiff after helping him to push open the Holy Door of St Paul's Outside the Walls Basilica.
In part 1, the author uses SPB80 as primary source documentation for musical practice at the basilica (ch.
According to the shrine chaplain, Filipinos should appreciate that they have minor basilicas like Manaoag.
The two basilicas are popular pilgrimage sites in Europe, drawing millions of visitors of all faiths each year.
Cardinal Bernard Law, former Boston archbishop, celebrated one of nine memorial Masses for Pope John Paul II, drawing members of an American advocacy group representing victims of clergy abuse to the basilica to protest his role.
The custom as we now know it, of a ritual opening of Holy Doors at each of the four major Roman basilicas (St.