Basov, Nikolai Gennadiyevich


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Basov, Nikolai Gennadiyevich

(nyĭkəlī` gĕnä`dēyĕ'vĭch bä`səf), 1922–2001, Russian physicist and educator, b. Usman. He worked with A. M. ProkhorovProkhorov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich
, 1916–2002, Russian physicist, b. Atherton, Queensland, Australia. In 1923 he was taken to the Soviet Union by his parents, who had emigrated to Australia to escape the czarist regime.
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 to develop a technique for amplifying microwave signals in spectroscopic experiments, ultimately leading to the construction of a masermaser
, device for creation, amplification, and transmission of an intense, highly focused beam of high-frequency radio waves. The name maser is an acronym for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of r
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 (1952). For this fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics Basov shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with Prokhorov and C. H. TownesTownes, Charles Hard,
1915–2015, American physicist and educator, b. Greenville, S.C. He was educated at Furman Univ., Duke, and the California Institute of Technology (Ph.D.
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. Basov taught at the Lebedev Institute of Physics and at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers, and also served in the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1982–1989). He was the head of the laboratory of quantum radiophysics at the Lebedev at the time of his death.