Bataan


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
References in periodicals archive ?
April 28, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Lester Tenney, 94-- a former POW of Japan and Bataan Death March survivor will be a guest of Congressman Mike Honda (R-CA) at Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's speech to a joint meeting of Congress on April 29[sup.
The event commemorated the surrender of 80,000 Filipino and American forces (without their leaders), and their 97 kilometre Bataan Death March from Mariveles, Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga, and Capas, Tarlac in central Luzon, starting April 9.
For a long time, Bataan was non-existent--people didn't know," said Debra Grunwald, the daughter of retired Chief Master Sgt.
This was the beginning of the Battle of Bataan, and the first casualty happened to be my schoolmate.
Muaro Marcelo, the manager of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, said in his presentation to the Japanese students that the Philippine facility was designed to withstand a magnitude-8 earthquake and still can even operate during a magnitude-7 quake.
There they earned their nickname, "the Angels of Bataan and Corregidor.
And, she learned, a soldier who had survived the Bataan Death March.
On December 23, he instead directed the remainder of his forces retreat to the more defensible Bataan province.
Manila, May 18 (Xinhua-ANI): A two-seater military aircraft crashed along La Monja Island in Bataan, western Luzon Island, the casualties is still unknown, the Philippine Coast Guard said Friday.
President Benigno Aquino III rejected Petron Corporation's offer to sell its Bataan oil refinery back to the government.
Tears in the Darkness: The Story of the Bataan Death March and Its Aftermath
the US Aircraft Carrier Bataan has crossed the canal coming from the