Bataan


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Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
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.

Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
References in periodicals archive ?
The training will provide farmers more opportunities to develop the bamboo industry in their areas, DTI Bataan Planning Officer Teresita Magtanong said.
This (housing project) came at a time when the workers of the Freeport Area of Bataan (FAB) have reached more than 40,000 aside from the thousands who indirectly work here," he said.
The former NU Bulldog, Ballers Bataan Dukhan triggerman however continued to be unstoppable after he converted another jumper and perfect conversion from the free throw line he executed in just mere 20 seconds differential to seal a comfortable four-point lead ,70-66.
Word never made it home that he had actually survived the blast and been taken prisoner by Japan during the surrender of Bataan.
In all, tens of thousands of troops were forced to march to Japanese prison camps in what became known as the Bataan Death March.
CS2 Joshua Skinner, USS Bataan (LHD 5) Junior Sailor of the Year, from 1 January to 31 December 2012.
Making Back to Bataan while the war was in progress forced filmmakers to keep pace with real-life events.
In Tears in the Darkness Michael and Elizabeth Norman tell the story of the Bataan Death March through the eyes of Ben Steele, a twenty-two-year-old Montana cowboy who enlisted in the Army in 1940 and found himself in the Philippines when the Japanese invaded in 1941.
Radioactive leaks from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power complex broke out amid a fresh debate in the Philippines on whether to rehabilitate the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant in Morong and pursue the nation's ambition to go nuclear amid spiraling world oil prices.
The original Bataan Death March acquired its gruesome title when Japanese forces transferred nearly 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war between prison camps located along a 60- mile route from Mariveles to Capas, Phillipines, in 1942.
We supported these partylist solons last May polls with the view that they can deliver the needs of the public and they immediately granted our request to fund various projects including medicines in Bataan, and we are very thankful to them, pointed out Calderon.
The Bataan Amphibious Ready Group is conducting maritime security operations in the U.