Bataan

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Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
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Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
References in periodicals archive ?
Japan's nuclear disaster has cast a pall over the Philippines' renewed plans to revive a mothballed 27-year-old nuclear power plant in Bataan Province.
Coast guard rescuers recovered seven bodies of fishermen whose boat capsized Tuesday off Mariveles town in Bataan province, 60 kilometres north-west of Manila.
Customs and coast guard officers searched the Philippine-owned ship MV Captain Ufuk after suspicions were raised when it docked at a port near Bataan province without prior notice, officials said on Friday.
I'm still nervous and extremely overjoyed," she told XPRESS minutes after receiving the symbolic key to her new car which will be delivered to her home in Bataan province in the Philippines.
The Pantingan property, composed of 1,410 hectares of mineral claims located in Bagac, Bataan Province is an epithermal gold vein deposit which was acquired in 1996 by BenguetCorp through a Royalty Agreement with Balanga-Bataan Mineral Corporation as claimowner.
Bustamante was forced to serve as a "comfort woman" for 14 months starting in 1943 in Bataan Province, west of Manila.