Bataan

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Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
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.

Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
References in periodicals archive ?
The Governor of Bataan Province stated, We are very proud to have this facility in our province as it is a testament to what Bataan can offer investors.
A retired police officer and his son were attacked and killed by unidentified assailants on Sunday afternoon near a cockpit in Mariveles town in Bataan province.
The Diocese of Balanga in Bataan province has joined the call for an end to the killings.
King Jasper Koahou, 45, a United States citizen residing in Dinalupihan town in Bataan province, and Julius Francisco, 48, a hairdresser from this city, had been under police surveillance before they were caught with six plastic sachets of suspected shabu in a drug bust operation in Barretto village here, said PO2 Leonard Pasamonte, an investigator at the Olongapo Police Station 6.
The remains of Joel Tuppil and Dimasalang Valenzuela of Cauayan City and Mylene Silva of Bataan province were fished out of the waters on Saturday.
Bishop Ruperto Santos of Balanga in Bataan province said the extension of martial law meant only one thing-the first 60 days of martial law were a failure.
It is not yet known who among the younger runners will continue Paez's yearly retracing of the route of the Bataan Death March from Mariveles town in Bataan province, to Capas town in Tarlac province, which he initiated 31 years ago.
This was where the Japanese Imperial Army 'loaded like cattle' about 75,000 Filipino and American soldiers into 'bagon' (closed compartments for sugar cargoes) after they were forced to march 102 kilometers without food and water, and under intense heat from Mariveles town in Bataan province.
They had been under surveillance for alleged drug activities in Orion town in Bataan province.
He and seven other people were caught during an entrapment operation carried out by the NBI Olongapo District Office at a restaurant in Dinalupihan town in Bataan province, on Friday (May 12Armodoval and his companions were accused of large scale estafa for luring potential investors to their venture with false promises of lofty regular income and high returns within a 23-day cycle, said Norman Revita, NBI special investigator III.
Alejano traveled to Mariveles in Bataan province on Saturday to look for the fishermen and their boat, the Princess Johanna.
Television reports on Wednesday said the Chinese Coast Guard drove away Filipino fishermen from Mariveles town, Bataan province, from Union Bank on April 9.