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an Indonesian people living in northern Sumatra and numbering about 2.5 million (1967 estimate).

On the basis of linguistic and ethnographic characteristics, the Bataks can be divided into six groups: the Toba, the Karo, the Timur, the Pakpak, the Ankola, and the Mandai-ling. Their languages are Batak. The Bataks are primarily Muslim, although some of the Toba are Christian and the Karo have preserved their traditional beliefs. Strong tribal elements have survived until the present day. The Bataks are primarily farmers growing rice, corn, sweet potatoes, and other crops, although they also practice the arts of weaving, pottery-making, metalworking, building, and wood carving. Trade and commercial relations have been developing since the beginning of the 20th century, but elements of the natural farm economy have been preserved. From the very beginning of the Dutch colonization of Sumatra (in the 17th century), the Bataks have stubbornly defended their independence.


Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Bemmelen tells how kinship and marriage influenced the lives of Toba Batak men and women during the colonial period in North Tapanuli, on the island of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
But tattooing is so widespread in the region that there are local equivalents in other Cordilleran languages: whatok (Butbut Kalinga), batok (Kalinga), fatek (Bontoc), batok (Ifugao), batek (Ilocano, Ibaloy, Lepanto and Sagada Igorots), and batak (Kankanaey).
Alongside the free tennis coaching, David Lloyd Clubs also provided 100 free family day passes - while to bring the theme of responsiveness to life a Batak light reaction machine was made available.
Antiphonal histories: Resonant pasts in the Toba Batak musical present
QUICK THINKER: Lizzie Grice 20, a medical student from Kensington, takes on the challenging BATAK wall which tests hand-eye co-ordination and stamina, watched by Ryan Bradshaw from the Kings Royal Hussars
She sustains her unique voice throughout the book, lending a refreshingly literary flavor to the sometimes complicated, always compelling, and ultimately convincing account of music's power in the lives of Toba Batak communities, and, indeed, in the lives of people everywhere.
As the region has a typical Batak Toba culture, the local administration will strengthen the tourism sector by promoting the potential of local customs and wisdom," Simangungsong added.
After theological studies in Tubingen, Munster, and Oxford, he earned a doctorate from the University of Zurich and taught at the theological seminary of the Protestant Batak Church HKBP in Pematang Siantar, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, from 1956 to 1965.
But on Saturday evening, he revealed he honed his physical and mental fitness by using a Batak machine.
The accompanying music, composed by Oni and Friends, brings to the fore a diverse blend of traditional Indonesian instruments such as Gondang Batak and Sundanese flute.
The specific problem that Pakpahan addresses is severe, at least among the Bataks of the Lake Toba area in Sumatra: an ecclesiastical split which, between 1992 and 1998, produced demonstrations resulting in four deaths and grievous moral injury felt by many Batak Christians.
Washington, May 31 ( ANI ): A new study has found that the Karo Batak, who mostly live in scattered rural villages in the northern part of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, deem women with big feet as more appealing.