Battalion

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Battalion

 

the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.

M. G. ZHDANOV


Battalion

 

(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

References in periodicals archive ?
My granddad served in the 6th Batallion Royal Warwickshire Regiment in France from 1914 until 1916 and then joined the Royal Navy until discharge in 1918.
In Funeral Rites, Genet demarcated the site as l'oeil de Gabes, African Batallion slang for the anus.
The soldiers, from A company of the 1st Batallion of the Staffordshire regiment, are half-way through a six month tour of duty.
While the wire story mentions Alvarez and Battalion 3-16, claiming that the commission's report "blamed much of the wrongdoing on Intelligence Batallion 3-16" (sic), it neglects to mention that Honduras' woes were manufactured in, and fully funded by, our own government working in cahoots with yet another wanna-be dictator.
LtCol Scott Leonard, USMC - Commanding Officer, 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Batallion
In Munda the officers of Pakistan army Jandol Batallion along with assistant commissioner distributed cheques among 50 victims from different parts during a function held at the office of tehsil nazim Humayun Khan.
James, who was with The 2nd Batallion Yorkshire Regiment, recently told The Gazette it was an achievement to become strong enough to be fitted with his new PS70,000 bionic legs.
Stacey Louise Hillhouse: "I would like to nominate my cousin Michael Sweeney who was a 1st Batallion Coldstream Guard.
Lashkar-e-Taiba in Pakistan, Al-Tawhid wal-Iman Brigade in Syria, Ajnad Misr, East Turkestan Islamic Movement, the Green Batallion in Syria, Majlis Shura al-Mujahidin Fi Aknaf Bayt al-Maqdis, Jaish-e-Mohammed in Pakistan, Abu Bakr Siddique Brigade in Syria, the Houthi Movement in Yemen, Jaish-e-Mohammed in Pakistan and India and Talha bin Ubaidullah Brigade in Syria.
Gordon himself served in the Glasgow Tramways Batallion of the Highland Light Infantry during the First World War and once demobbed became a commercial salesman before joining the police in 1921.
Forty soldiers from 1SCOTS (The Royal Scots Borderers) have arrived in the west African country as part of a 750-strong deployment from the UK It is understood 1SCOTS were the "on call" batallion ready be sent anywhere in the world when PM David Cameron decided the African crisis needed an immediate response.
THE funeral of Gaya Prasad, a sepoy of the 15th Rajputana Batallion, was performed at his native village on Thursday with full military honours.