Baden-Württemberg

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Baden-Württemberg

(bä`dən-wûr`təmbûrg, Ger. vür`təmbĕrk'), state (1994 pop. 10,000,000), 13,803 sq mi (35,750 sq km), SW Germany. StuttgartStuttgart
, city (1994 pop. 594,406), capital of Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, on the Neckar River. It is a major transportation point, with a large river port and an international airport, and a sizable industrial center.
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 is the capital. It was formed in 1952 by the merger of Württemberg-BadenWürttemberg-Baden
, former state, c.6,060 sq mi (15,700 sq km), SW Germany. Stuttgart was the capital. The state was formed after 1945 and comprised the northern parts of the former states of Baden and Württemberg. In 1952 it became part of Baden-Württemberg.
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, Württemberg-HohenzollernWürttemberg-Hohenzollern
, former state, c.4,020 sq mi (10,410 sq km), SW Germany. Tübingen was the capital. Formed after 1945, the state comprised S Württemberg, the former Prussian province of Hohenzollern, and the former district of Lindau, Bavaria.
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, and postwar Baden, all of which came into being after 1945. It includes the historic states of Baden and Württemberg, the former principality of HohenzollernHohenzollern,
former province of Germany. After 1945 it became part of the temporary state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern, which was included in the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. Its chief city was Sigmaringen, located in a mountainous region of the Swabian Jura.
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, and the former district of LindauLindau
, town (1994 pop. 24,560), Bavaria, S Germany, on an island in Lake Constance (Ger. Bodensee). Connected by bridges with the mainland, it is a picturesque summer resort and tourist center and a base for lake steamer service to Austria and Switzerland.
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, Bavaria. The state borders on Switzerland in the south, France and the Rhineland-Palatinate in the west, Hesse in the north, and Bavaria in the east. Drained by the Rhine (which forms its border on the west), the upper Danube, and the Neckar, Baden-Württemberg includes the Black Forest in the southwest, Lake Constance in the south, and the Swabian Jura in the southeast. It is a forested and fertile land (the Rhine plain is one of the most fertile areas in Germany), but lacks valuable mineral deposits. Industries (chiefly the manufacture of electrical goods, clocks, watches, textiles, and the assembly of motor vehicles) are the main employers and are centered at Stuttgart, Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Heidelberg, Freiburg, and Ulm. Agriculture, forestry, and livestock raising are also important. One of the largest and most varied tourist areas of Germany, Baden-Württemberg has the picturesque Neckar valley, the idyllic forests and lakes of the south, and the famous spas of Baden-Baden and Wildbad. Freiburg and Heidelberg have noted universities. The history of Baden-Württemberg is the history of BadenBaden
, former state, SW Germany. Karlsruhe was the capital. Stretching from the Main River in the northeast across the lower Neckar valley and along the right bank of the Rhine to Lake Constance (Bodensee), the former state of Baden bordered on France and the Rhenish Palatinate
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 and of WürttembergWürttemberg
, former state, SW Germany. Württemberg was formerly also spelled Würtemberg and Wirtemberg. The former state bordered on Baden in the northwest, west, and southwest, on Hohenzollern and Switzerland (from which it was separated by Lake Constance) in
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.