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A distinction is made between bathing in natural bodies of water (seas, rivers, lakes, and estuaries) and artificial ones (outdoor or indoor pools). The physiological effect of bathing depends on temperature, mechanical stimuli, and chemical stimuli (in seas, salt lakes, pools of mineral water). Bathing in open bodies of water adds the stimulating effects of motion in water, pure air, inhaled aerosols, and solar radiation to the beneficial influence of the water itself.

Bathing conditions the body and also has therapeutic purposes in cases of functional disturbances of the nervous system and certain diseases of the cardiovascular system. Bathing for therapeutic purposes is usually prescribed when the temperature of the air is no lower than 22°-20°C and of the water no lower than 20°-18°C; the patients bathe 2–5 to 10–15 minutes one to three times a day. Young, healthy, and adequately trained persons may bathe even in winter (“polar bears”).

Contraindications to bathing are expressed atherosclerosis, second- or third-degree cardiovascular insufficiency, a tendency to bleeding, severe emaciation, febrile and acute inflammatory diseases, active forms of tuberculosis, certain skin diseases, and the second half of pregnancy.


References in classic literature ?
But,' he concluded, 'this is the last time I come bathing with you, George.
This mile of water is rented, or used to be rented, for bathing purposes by the trustees of the School, for the boys.
While things were in this state, one day Tom and three or four others were bathing at Wratislaw's, and had, as a matter of course, been taking up and re-setting night-lines.
Through glazed links tying this pavilion to the rest of the complex you see, but cannot enter, the bathing court beyond.
Use this all-over body scrub before bathing to deep-cleanse and loosen surface impurities.
The most physically demanding part of her job was bathing patients, most of whom were sick and elderly.
FIKRET YEGUL's Baths and bathing in Classical antiquity (i+501 pages, 506 figures.
Value sales growth within the soap bath and shower market is driven by the modern bathing formats, such as liquid soaps, and shower products.
June 26, 2013 /PRNewswire/ --Premier Care in Bathing, the largest supplier of Walk-In Baths and Easy Access Showers, announced today the appointment of Tony Long as vice president of manufacturing and operations.
1 % of bathing waters in the European Union meet the minimum water quality standards set by the Bathing Water Directive, according to a report of the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission in the latest annual Bathing Water Report.
BRUSSELS, June 11 /PRNewswire/ -- The annual bathing water report presented today by the European Commission and the European Environment Agency reveals that the large majority of bathing sites across the European Union met EU hygiene standards in 2008.
Tenders are invited for Construction of Cattle Ghat and Bathing Ghat on Lower Ganga Canal (LGC):1.