Báthory

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Báthory

(bä`tôrē), Pol. Batory, Hungarian noble family. Stephen Báthory, 1477–1534, a loyal adherent of John IJohn I
(John Zapolya) , 1487–1540, king of Hungary (1526–40), voivode [governor] of Transylvania (1511–26). He was born John Zapolya, the son of Stephen Zápolya.
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 of Hungary (John Zápolya), was made (1529) voivode [governor] of TransylvaniaTransylvania
, Rom. Transilvania or Ardeal, Hung. Erdély, Ger. Siebenbürgen, historic region and province (21,292 sq mi/55,146 sq km), central Romania.
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. His youngest son became (1575) king of Poland (see Stephen BáthoryStephen Báthory
, Pol. Stefan Batory, 1533–86, king of Poland (1575–86), prince of Transylvania (1571–75), son of Stephen Báthory (1477–1534). He was elected to succeed John II as prince of Transylvania.
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, king of Poland) and was succeeded as prince of Transylvania by his brother, Christopher Báthory, 1530–81. Christopher married Elizabeth, sister of Stephen BocskayBocskay, Stephen
, 1557–1606, Hungarian noble, voivode [governor] (1604–6) and prince (1605–6) of Transylvania. Seeking to secure the independence of Transylvania, he supported his nephew, Prince Sigismund Báthory of Transylvania, first against the
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.

His son and successor, Sigismund Báthory, 1572–1613, was mentally unbalanced. At first a loyal vassal of the Hapsburg king of Hungary (Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf IIRudolf II,
1552–1612, Holy Roman emperor (1576–1612), king of Bohemia (1575–1611) and of Hungary (1572–1608), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II.
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), he crushed (1594) the pro-Turkish faction of nobles and was recognized by Rudolf as hereditary prince. In 1597, he abdicated in favor of Rudolf but returned to assume power in Aug., 1598. The following March he abdicated in favor of his cousin, Andrew Cardinal Báthory (d. 1599), but again reversed his decision and, with the help of Stephen Bocskay, returned to power as a vassal of Sultan Muhammad III. He abdicated definitively in 1602 (in favor of Rudolf) and retired to Silesia.

Elizabeth Báthory, d. 1614, a niece of Stephen Bathory, is celebrated in legend as a female werewolf. She is said to have slaughtered more than 600 virgins in order to renew her youth by bathing in their blood. She was incarcerated in 1610 and died in prison.

Gabriel Báthory, 1589–1613, a nephew of Andrew Cardinal Báthory, became prince of Transylvania in 1608. His harsh regime provoked a rebellion by the nobles, and he was murdered. By the marriage of his niece Sophia (d. 1680) to George II Rákóczy, the two families were united.

Bibliography

See biography of Elizabeth Báthory by V. Penrose (tr. 1970); B. Gould, Book of Werewolves (1865).

References in periodicals archive ?
But when she is forced to stay at school over the Christmas holidays (her brother has disappeared during a whale-watching expedition in Colombia), Bathory, the school she loves, takes on a sinister twist and she is embroiled in a mystery.
It's actually funny you know because, obviously we get some sh*t from some so-called die hards, then simultaneously they would just claim Venom or Bathory, being their biggest inspirations," Nergal said.
Trivia: Friel and her mother appeared alongside each other in the film Bathory.
This so-called "first wave" included bands such as Venom, Bathory, Hellhammer and Celtic Frost.
The film tells of Countess Elizabeth Bathory, who in the 1600's, slaughtered more than 600 young women, believing if she bathed in the blood of virgins that she would stay young and beautiful forever.
One of her finest horror roles was in 1971 playing Countess Dracula, which was inspired by the legend of Countess Bathory, who was supposed to have bathed in virgin blood.
The topics include the Habsburg defense system in Hungary against the Ottomans in the 16th century as a catalyst of military development in Central Europe, the Polish-Lithuanian army in the reign of King Stefan Bathory 1576-86, Russia in the international mercenary market in the early 17th century, the view from Remmal Khoja's History of Sahib Gerey Khan of Crimean Tatar long-range campaigns, the scientific revolution and generalship in the Habsburg army 1686-1723, and Ottoman military power in the 18th century.
THERE were no laws in medieval Hungary that could touch a noble countess - and depraved murderer Elizabeth Bathory abused her power and position for all it was worth.
They also didn't realize the regal woman depicted in a 16th-century painting was Countess Elizabeth Bathory of Hungary, who offered lessons in etiquette and may have killed as many as 650.
Guitarists Zoltan Bathory and Jason Hook had their guitars intermittently hiccup in sound - meaning it would cut briefly before coming back on.
The most widely used meter is the traditional alternating current (AC) watt-hour unit that has changed little since its invention by Otto Bathory in 1889; but it now comes as an analog or digital device.
Snippet, Diablo, Meg, Millie, Tiger, Lucky 13, Rebel, Spirit, Kinney, Stacey, Barley, Hops, Winkle, Steele, Bauer, May, Beadle, Xilla, Grandma Dixie, Popplewell, Pecorino, Nella, Bathory, Beelzebub, Etta, Rigg, Scave, Doom, Camber