Mount Kenya

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Kenya, Mount,

or

Mount Kirinyaga,

extinct volcano, central Kenya, just south of the equator. Its highest peak, Batian, reaches 17,058 ft (5,199 m), making Mt. Kenya the highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro. In the heart of Kikuyu country, Mt. Kenya was a focal point during the Mau MauMau Mau
, secret insurgent organization in Kenya, comprising mainly Kikuyu tribespeople. They were bound by oath to force the expulsion of white settlers from Kenya. In 1952 the Mau Mau began reprisals against the Europeans, especially in the "white highlands," claimed as Kikuyu
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 disturbances (1952–56). The Kikuyu, Meru, and Embu people cultivate Mt. Kenya's fertile lower slopes. From 5,000 to 15,000 ft (1,524–4,572 m) are dense woodlands inhabited by elephants, buffalo, and leopards. Snowcapped Mt. Kenya has several glaciers in its uppermost regions. The national park is located there and Mt. Kenya attracts many mountain climbers from around the world.

Kenya, Mount

 

a volcanic massif in East Africa, below 0° 10’ S lat., the second highest mountain in Africa (Batian Peak, 5,199 m).

Mount Kenya rises in the form of a truncated cone from a lava plateau lying to the east of the East African Rift Zone. From its foothills to an elevation of 1,200 m are found equatorial rain forests; higher (up to 2,000 m), within a moderately hot zone, lie plantations of coffee, sisal, and bananas. Mountain rain forests cover the slopes to 3,000 m, and high-mountain equatorial meadows extend to 4,800 m. Beyond is a zone of permanent snow and ice. Descending along the slopes are 15 glaciers, up to 1.5 km in length. The summit and surrounding areas have been set aside as a national park (Mount Kenya Park).

References in periodicals archive ?
Kamau Kuria, the CMS managing director said, Over 4,000 farmers have adopted the high yielding and disease resistant Batian Variety and we expect the production to increase by further 15 per cent by year 2016.
and large fertilizer producers (such as Sinofert Holding Limited, Shenzhen Batian Ecotypic Engineering Co.
The miners were trapped after the small, privately-owned Batian mine in south-western Sichuan province suddenly flooded.
Rescue teams began pumping water out of the Batian Coal Mine in Neijing City after the flood water poured in on Sunday.
The Xinhua News Agency said 41 workers were in the Batian mine in Sichuan province when the flood occurred.
State broadcaster China Central Television showed live images of miners being taken from the mine on stretchers to ambulances on Monday, a day after the small Batian mine suddenly flooded.
The miners, caught in the underground pit at Batian Coal Mine after it flooded Sunday morning, had been trapped for slightly more than 24 hours and were carried out into the sunlight on stretchers wearing eye shades and wrapped in thick quilts, footage on broadcaster CCTV showed.
Stephen Tompkinson narrates the final part of the documentary following the work of conservationists Batian Craig (above) and Richard Vigne on a Kenyan reserve.
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