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the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.




(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

References in periodicals archive ?
The battalion crossed the Channel from Folkestone on the SS Onward on 29th July.
With the additional battalion, there are now about 6,000 soldiers deployed in the Northern Mindanao and Caraga region.
The absence of battalion level organic medical assets has led to ad hoc relationships with clinics and ad hoc medical sections within military police battalions.
In many instances, BEB enablers provided security at command posts and the battalion aid station.
The battalion CBRN warrant officer is the senior CBRN warrant officer in the battalion, and he or she has broader roles and responsibilities than those at the team and company levels.
On October 14, 1914, sanction was given for a Tyneside Scottish battalion, which was full within 10 days.
On order, 2nd NATO Signal Battalion deploys to the NATO Response Force JTF's area of operations to engineer, install, operate, and maintain deployable communication and information systems; provides C2 and logistical support to all deployable CIS (Signal) units supporting the JTF HQs and component commands in order to facilitate C2 and information flow.
In addition, India has recently approved raising of eight additional IR Battalions - four each for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
In this study he has cited over 160 sources for his information, including the Nominal Roll members of the 113th Lethbridge Highlanders when the battalion departed from Canada for England in September 1916.
In the early days of September 1914 I volunteered and was accepted for the 1st Battalion.
It is the duty of the battalion S1 to dissect a message of this importance and push the most important details to the battalion and company command teams.
e 250 men from the 3rd Battalion are being fed into the 1st or 2nd Battalions.