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the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.




(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

References in periodicals archive ?
The 203d MI Battallion is the successor to the Foreign Materiel intelligence Battalion (FMIB) and the 11th MI Company, which successfully conducted TECHINT operations during Operation DESERT STORM.
Best garrison mess hall runner-up: Mess Hall 14036, Headquarters Service Battallion, 1st FSSG Camp Pendleton, Calif.
How many know that the legendary Foreign Legion officer, General Ralph Monclar, who went to Korea as a lieutenant colonel, did not lead a French battallion, but spent his time insuring that American corps and division commanders did not squander French lives?
Mud and Blood: `Albury's own' 2nd/23rd Australian Infantry Battallion 9th Australian Division.
John Bolland, 47, a Scot who served with the elite 2nd Battallion Parachute Regiment during the Falklands War, blew pounds 15,000 on drink and women.
They raised pounds 17,000, which was a lot of money then, to equip the battallion through the appeal.
Christopher Merrit spent 12 months serving in Iraq with the 2-127th Infantry Battallion, conducting convoy security through the country, and will be voting for Dr.
According to exclusive records obtained under Freedom of Information laws, a private in the former 2nd Battallion, Royal Welsh was given 12 months detention and dismissed after being convicted of possessing and of supplying a controlled drug, as well as six counts of offering to supply a controlled drug.
Seven other youngsters swam to safety, as did four leaders from the 2nd Battallion Highlanders Army cadets.
The dramatic rescue by the two soldiers from the 3rd Battallion the Mercian Regiment happened as their platoon pushed through a compound and took up firing positions in a ditch, which turned out to be a toilet.
Major Sean Birchall from the 1st Battallion Welsh Guards really pushed forward with reopening this school.
The Casuals first banded together for a protest in March after Muslim extremists abused 2nd Battallion Royal Anglian soldiers at the Luton homecoming parade.