Battle of Britain


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Britain, Battle of:

see Battle of BritainBattle of Britain,
in World War II, series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug. to Oct., 1940. As a prelude to a planned invasion of England, the German Luftwaffe attacked British coastal defenses, radar stations, and shipping. On Aug.
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Battle of Britain,

in World War II, series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug. to Oct., 1940. As a prelude to a planned invasion of England, the German Luftwaffe attacked British coastal defenses, radar stations, and shipping. On Aug. 24 the attack was shifted inland to Royal Air Force installations and aircraft factories in an effort to gain control of the air over S England. Failing to destroy the RAF, the Germans began (Sept. 7) the night bombing, or blitz, of London. Heavy night bombings of English cities continued into October, when the attack was shifted back to coastal installations. The Germans gradually gave up hope of invading England, and the battle tapered off by the end of October. Though heavily outnumbered, the RAF put up a gallant defense; radar, used for the first time in battle by Britain, played an important role. The Germans lost some 2,300 aircraft; the RAF 900. The Battle of Britain was the first major failure of the Germans in World War II, and it thwarted Hitler's plan to force Britain to accept peace or face invasion.

Bibliography

See D. Wood and D. Dempster, The Narrow Margin (1961, repr. 1967); A. McKee, Strike from the Sky (1960, repr. 1971); R. Collier, Eagle Day (1966); T. Taylor, The Breaking Wave (1967); P. Townsend, Duel of Eagles (1970); R. Overy, The Battle of Britain (2001); M. Korda, With Wings like Eagles (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Spitfire fighter planes of 607 |County of Durham Squadron, taxi around for the take-off at the home of the RAF Station Ouston, commemorating the ninth anniversary of the Battle of Britain
The Battle of Britain memorial service on Sunday at The Airman's Statue, Thornaby Road, Thornaby
Organisers say there will be a flypast by Hurricane, Lancaster and Spitfire aircraft of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight.
The Battle of Britain was a crucial event because it was the battle that saved this country from being invaded.
One of the more unusual exhibits on display will be a collection of 1940s caravans and there is also a range of military vehicles and a display of aviation paintings by the Guild of Aviation Artists, themed around the Battle of Britain.
Honour: Geoffrey Wellum, the youngest Spitfire pilot to fight in the Battle of Britain, holds his Freedom Certificate.
In this 70th Anniversary year of their charity, the Battle of Britain Memorial Trust has launched an appeal to raise pounds 650,000 to build a learning centre.
The Battle of Britain was won by the people of Britain, not just Fighter Command.
Among the guests invited to witness the fly-past were six RAF Battle of Britain pilots - famously dubbed the "few" by wartime prime minister Winston Churchill.
THE Queen kepts her eyes on the skies yesterday as she led the nation in marking the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Britain.
PRINCE Harry has flown a Spitfire - and put it through a dramatic roll - as he caught up with an injured serviceman and veteran hoping to pilot the aircraft in a Battle of Britain flypast.
Robert Taylor's Battle of Britain, Commemorative Collection.