Battle of Jutland


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Jutland, battle of,

only major engagement between the British and German fleets in World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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. They met c.60 mi (100 km) west of the coast of Jutland. On May 31, 1916, a British squadron under Admiral Beatty was scouting in advance of the British main fleet, in search of the German main fleet under Admiral Scheer. Instead, Beatty encountered a German scouting force under Admiral Hipper. They exchanged fire and Beatty lost two ships. Hipper turned to join Scheer's force, and Beatty pursued, but when Beatty saw the main German fleet, he retired to join the British fleet under Admiral Jellicoe. Scheer followed and the two main fleets engaged in battle. Although outnumbered in the ensuing engagement, the Germans displayed brilliant naval tactics, and the encounter ended only when fog and darkness permitted escape to their home base. The heavy losses of the British navy caused one of the great controversies of the war. The British won strategically, but lost tactically. It was Britain's one chance to engage the enemy directly. The German high seas fleet never sailed again; the following year the Germans resorted to unrestricted submarine warfare. In Germany it is called the Battle of the Skagerrak.

Bibliography

See studies by H. H. Frost (1934, repr. 1970), D. Macintyre (1958), and J. J. C. Irving (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
Four Victoria Crosses were |awarded during the Battle of Jutland.
This will be an opportunity for people in the UK to come together to honour those on both sides who lost their lives during the Battle of Jutland and to recognise the pivotal role of the Royal Navy in the First World War.
Ken Smith, a local historian, author, and expert on the history of Tyne shipbuilding, said: "A number of great warships built on the Tyne took part in the Battle of Jutland.
He had been in the Battle of Jutland on HMS Princess Royal as a Signalman.
A further five key dates will be marked by the UK Government: the centenaries of the Gallipoli landings, the Battle of Jutland, the first day of the Battle of the Somme, the first day of Passchendaele and, finally, Armistice Day.
Bell shows Churchill to have been realistic and pragmatic about naval construction in the period before the First World War; not wholly and solely to blame for the disastrous outcome of the Dardanelles campaign of 1915; and capable of recognizing, even in political exile, that the battle of Jutland had been in fact a strategic victory for the British.
This was a 30,000-ton battleship, and although a veteran of the Battle of Jutland in 1916, she could still pack a mighty punch with her eight 15-inch guns.
The events proposed over the coming years include marking the battle of Gallipoliin in April 2015, the first day of the Battle of the Somme on 1 July 2016, the naval battle of Jutland in May/June 2017, the battle of Passchendale in June/November 2017, the report said.
Other peaks deserving recognition include Mount Edith Cavell, named in 1916 for an English nurse who was executed by the enemy for helping Allied soldiers escape occupied Belgium; Mount Smuts was named in 1918 for the military General Jan Smuts, who was instrumental in establishing the League of Nations; and Mount Indefatigable, after the Royal Navy battlecruiser sunk in 1916 in the Battle of Jutland.
His life spanned three centuries and six monarchs and at the time of his death he was the last surviving founder member of the RAF and the last man to have witnessed the Battle of Jutland (1916).
Tomorrow's presentation to HMS Dragon by Cardiff's Royal Naval Association is especially poignant since it was the ship's bugle on HMS Cardiff on November 17, 1917, at the Battle of Jutland.
Andrew Orr Ewing, whose great-great grandfather Captain David Orr Ewing fought in the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and whose father Lieutenant Colonel David Orr Ewing is currently serving in Afghanistan in the Black Watch, will also give a reading.