Lexington and Concord

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Lexington and Concord

 

cities in the state of Massachusetts, USA, near which the first battles of the American War of Independence (1775–83) took place on Apr. 19, 1775.

A 2,000-man detachment of British forces under Lieutenant-Colonel F. Smith left Boston for Concord (30 km to the north-west) with the aim of capturing a store of arms from the rebellious American colonists. During the march, the British troops were attacked on the road between Lexington and Con-cord by the colonists. The colonists were in loose order and fired from behind cover. The British detachment lost about 300 men and succeeded in returning to Boston only with the help of reinforcements. The Americans lost 100 men out of 400. The battles showed the advantage of using riflemen in loose order against infantry in linear battle formation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Breathing in spring air after a harsh winter, hearing birds and laughter, and seeing first flowers pop through the soil were paid for in the Battles of Lexington and Concord, and other conflicts since.
The battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, ignited the Revolutionary War and set our country's course.
The battles of Lexington and Concord were profoundly fateful, loudly igniting the Revolutionary War and laying paving stones to the future.
The Revolutionary War years, though, are given due recognition by Patriot's Day, a statewide holiday commemorating the Battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775.