Baturin

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Baturin

 

an urban-type settlement in Bakhmach Raion in Chernigov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Baturin is located on the Seim River (Dnieper basin), on the Orel-Kiev highway, 19 km from the Bakhmach railroad station. Population, 3,500 (1968).

Baturin has a brick plant, a hemp-processing plant, and a dairy. From 1669 to 1708, Baturin was the residence of the Ukrainian hetmans. In October 1708, Hetman Mazepa, on his flight to the Swedes, left a strong garrison in Baturin. By order of Peter I the city was taken by storm. From 1750 to 1764, Baturin was the residence of Hetman K. Razumovskii. Kochubei’s house (17th century) and Razumovskii’s palace (1799–1803; architect, Ch. Kameron) are preserved in Baturin. There is a museum of history and local lore.

References in periodicals archive ?
Open Competition: Development of design and working documents for the resettlement of electric lighting of the object: The road-tsa Novodzherelievskaya Art - Art-tsa Bryukhovetskaya - Art-tsa Baturyn, km 25 + 485 - 25 + 293, km 26 + 318 - 30 + 330 in the area Bryukhovetskiy
21) That was the same year that Tairova-Iakovleva discovered a portion of Mazepa's famous archive, which was presumed to have been destroyed during the sacking of Baturyn by the Muscovite army in 1708.
He ordered Mazepa's capital at Baturyn razed to the ground and its inhabitants punished (in fact they were massacred) and he had the hetman deposed, hanged in effigy, and formally anathematized by the Russian-Orthodox Church.
Scherer made particular note of Charles's negligence at allowing the Russians to destroy Baturyn, where Mazepa had gathered a great deal of provisions and war material, ostensibly, he says, for the use of the Swedes; Scherer claimed that Peter's efforts to turn the Ukrainian populace against the Swedes were very successful and he noted the Battle of Poltava and the flight of Charles and Mazepa to Bender in Moldavia.
37) The Istoriia Rusov then stated that the Swedes had behaved well in Ukraine while the Muscovites, especially Peter's general Aleksandr Menshikov (1673-1729), scourged the country and tortured its inhabitants, even women and children, who perished in great numbers at Baturyn.
When word comes that in Baturyn the people are now blessing Peter and cursing the Hetman "as Judas," Mazepa only bowed his head and smiled bitterly.
He told us of the importance we had as bandurysts to remember and tell all that had happened to us as a nation -- the famine of 1933,(39) the massacre at Baturyn,(40) the Stalinist purges.
the Russian commander in Ukraine attacked the hetman's capital at Baturyn and massacred its entire population of 6000 men, women and children .
While Menelaws was engaged on these and other commissions by the unimaginably rich Razumovskys, Cameron was also building a luxurious palace and residential settlement for them at Baturyn in the Ukraine.