Tutsi

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Tutsi

(to͞ot`sē, to͞o`–) or

Watutsi

(wä–), cattle-raising people of central Africa, particularly in BurundiBurundi
, officially Republic of Burundi, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,371,000), 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Rwanda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, on Lake Tanganyika in the southwest, and on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west.
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 and RwandaRwanda
, officially Republic of Rwanda, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,441,000), 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Uganda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, and on Burundi in the south.
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; they are also known as Watusi or Batusi. The original Tutsi homeland was probably in Ethiopia, and c.400 years ago they migrated south to around Lake Kivu. Here they established the native kingdoms of Rwanda and Burundi, ruled by a mwami (king). An aristocratic people, the Tutsi long held the peasant Bahutu, or Hutu, in feudal subjugation. In the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, despite much integration of Tutsi and Hutu culture, many members of both tribes died in bloody fighting in Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo. The Tutsi are spectacularly tall, often 7 ft (2.1 m) in height.
References in periodicals archive ?
Still the results were taken as distinctive features to differentiate the Bahutu from Batutsi and Batwa.
The concepts of Bahutu, Batutsi and Batwa have been central to the study of ethnic identity in Rwanda.
Canon de Lacger and many others have shown that at the eve of colonization, the terms Bahutu, Batutsi and Batwa implied social classes; that neither 'ethnicity' nor 'race', 'caste' or 'Hamite' were known among the Banyarwanda people.
A Muhutu who had abundance of cattle and other resources would marry a girl of the rich Batutsi family and become one of them.
They were owners of cattle who still had representatives of Batutsi background in the current populations and were invincible warriors.
With the Batutsi Christians the missionaries hope to achieve the creation and formation of a social elite that is pro-European.
The necessity of having schools exclusively reserved for the sons of the Batutsi was explained in various letters addressed by the missionaries to their superiors.
We will take advantage of those circumstances to create a school for the Batutsi at Kabgayi.
For Professor Mbonimana, a historian and a former Roman Catholic priest, the authors of the preceding quotation about the 'school for true sons of Batutsi chiefs' ignored the fact that even the son of the king who was just born had as his grandmother a girl of the common people, Nyiranteko, who was of Bahutu background.
I have referred to the fact that only the young literate Batutsi ('Hamites') were recruited for positions of colonial and missionary administrations.
Ask the Bahutu if they prefer to be commanded by the roturiers, or by the nobles, the response is without hesitation; their preference goes to the Batutsi.
As a general rule, we will have no better, more intelligent, more active chiefs capable of understanding and executing the change and most accepted by the people than the Batutsi.