Belfast

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Belfast

(bĕlfăst`), Gaelic Béal Feirste, city (1991 pop. 297,000), capital of Northern Ireland, Belfast dist. It is on Belfast Lough, an inlet of the North Channel of the Irish Sea, and at the mouth of the Lagan River. The harbor, 8.5 mi (13.7 km) long, is navigable to the largest ships. The great shipyards of Belfast have built some of the world's largest ocean liners. The city is also the center of the Irish linen industry; other industries include tobacco and food processing, packaging, and the manufacture of rayon, aircraft, tools and machinery, clothing, carpets, and rope. Agricultural and livestock products are the chief exports. Queen's Univ. (founded 1845) and Victoria College (founded 1859), one of the oldest women's grammar schools in the British Isles, are among the educational institutions there. The Protestant Cathedral of St. Anne, the Waterfront concert hall, and the Odyssey Center, housing a sports arena and a science museum, are notable. The Parliament House of Northern Ireland is at Stormont, a suburb.

Belfast was founded in 1177 when a castle in defense of a ford over the Lagan was built, but the present city is a product of the Industrial Revolution. French HuguenotsHuguenots
, French Protestants, followers of John Calvin. The term is derived from the German Eidgenossen, meaning sworn companions or confederates. Origins

Prior to Calvin's publication in 1536 of his Institutes of the Christian Religion,
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, coming there after the revocation of the Edict of NantesNantes, Edict of,
1598, decree promulgated at Nantes by King Henry IV to restore internal peace in France, which had been torn by the Wars of Religion; the edict defined the rights of the French Protestants (see Huguenots).
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1685), stimulated the growth of the town's linen industry. Serious rioting between Catholics and Protestants, who live in distinct sections of the city, has scarred Belfast many times since the 19th cent.; sectarian terrorist violence was a significant problem in the late 20th cent. The city and the surrounding country were subjected to heavy air raids in 1941. Belfast suffers from high unemployment, and its population has decreased markedly due to the violence and the planned economic development of outlying areas.

Belfast

 

a county borough in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Political and economic center of Northern Ireland. Founded (originally as a fortified castle) at the end of the 12th century. Area, 73 sq km. Population, 399,300 (1966).

Belfast has a port on the shore of the Northern Straits at the point where the Lagan River flows into Belfast Lough. It is connected with the interior regions by a railroad network and a canal. Belfast’s airport is located at Sydenham. It is an industrial center and has approximately 60 percent of the industrial employment in Northern Ireland. Belfast and its environs are a very old region of the linen industry, which came into being in the 17th century, based on local raw material. During the middle of the 19th century the shipyards of the Harland and Wolff Company began operations; they produce as much as 7 or 8 percent of the ships built in Great Britain. It was here that ships such as the Titanic were built. Closely connected to shipbuilding are ship machinery construction, rope and cable manufacture, and other allied fields. Also located in Belfast are a major aircraft plant and enterprises of the electrical engineering, textile machine building, tobacco, food, and garment industries. Woolen fabrics, rugs, and synthetic fibers are also produced. There is a university (since 1845), an engineering college, and an art gallery.

Belfast is a major center of the workers’ and democratic movement. At the end of the 1960’s, along with other cities in Northern Ireland, it became an arena for the workers’ struggle for civil and social rights.

Belfast

1. the capital of Northern Ireland, a port on Belfast Lough in Belfast district, Co. Antrim and Co. Down: became the centre of Irish Protestantism and of the linen industry in the 17th century; seat of the Northern Ireland assembly and executive. Pop.: 276 459 (2001)
2. a district of W Northern Ireland, in Co. Antrim and Co. Down. Pop.: 271 596 (2003 est.). Area: 115 sq. km (44 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Student Tom Killeen from Bawnmore, Eyrecourt, Co Galway, said he was fortunate that he could go back to his apartment in Toulouse.
Youngsters at Bawnmore Infants School, in Bilton, Rugby, came third after collecting about four directories each
He has lived at the Bawnmore centre in Limerick since his nurse Catherine O'Regan died four years ago, but returns to the family home at weekends.
Cllr Franklyn, aged 74, of Bawnmore Road, Bilton, Rugby, said his year in office had been an "absolutely marvellous experience.
Conlon, from the Bawnmore area, was even mentioned in Parliament in 2001 when NIO minister Adam Ingram said he had "an unenviable record of poor behaviour during his present period of imprisonment".
Bawnmore Infant School came second and English Martyrs Primary School came third, winning pounds 200 and pounds 100 respectively.
A police patrol found the boy and a 16-year-old pal lying injured beside the bike on Mill Road, close to the Bawnmore estate.
BAWNMORE Community Infant School, in Bawnmore Road, Rugby, raised pounds 206 for the fund through the help of parents and teachers.
SIGN OF THE TIMES: This misspelt graffiti was spotted on a wall in Bawnmore, North Belfast, yesterday as the war of words hots up over the Real IRA ceasefire; DELIGHT: McQuillan; TRIBUTE: John Reid
Children at Bawnmore Community Infant School, in Bawnmore Road, Rugby, helped raise pounds 119.
In the nearby Bawnmore estate "kill all Prods" was scrawled.
NOVEMBER 9: Bawnmore Com Infant; Cawston Grange; Brownsover Community; Oakfield Primary; Weddington; Dunchurch Infant; English Martyrs; Hillmorton Primary; Northlands; Our Lady Of Angels; Clifton under Dunsmore Primary; Henry Hinde Infant; St Marie's Nursery & Catholic; St Oswalds CE Primary; Abbots Farm Infant; Rokeby Infant.