Bay of Bengal

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Bengal, Bay of,

arm of the Indian Ocean, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long and 1,000 mi (1,610 km) wide, bordered on the W by Sri Lanka and India, on the N by Bangladesh, and on the E by Myanmar and Thailand; the Andaman and Nicobar Islands separate it from the Andaman Sea, its eastern arm. The bay receives many large rivers including the Ayeyarwady, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri, all forming fertile, heavily populated deltas. Sediment from the rivers has made the bay a shallow sea, and the waters have reduced the salinity of surface waters along the shore. Monsoon rains and destructive cyclone storms have caused great loss of life along the bay's northern coast. The main ports are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Chennai (Madras), and Kolkata (Calcutta), India; Chittagong, Bangladesh; and Sittwe, Myanmar.


See S. S. Amrith, Crossing the Bay of Bengal (2013).

Bengal, Bay of


a bay in the Indian Ocean, between the Indian peninsula on the west and the Indochina peninsula and the Andaman and Nicobar islands on the east. It has an area of 2,172,000 sq km, an average depth of 2,586 m; and an average volume of 5,616,000 cu km. Its greatest depth is 5,258 m. The average water temperature in February is 25°–27° C and in August, 28° C (in May, 29° C). The salinity ranges from 30 parts per thousand (°/oo) and less near the mouth of the Ganges River to 34% in the south. Tides are semidiurnal and reach as high as 10.7 m. The main ports are Calcutta in the Ganges delta and Madras (India) and Chittagong (Chatagam, Bangladesh).

References in periodicals archive ?
Smuggling networks by sea from the Bay of Bengal area to Thailand and onwards to Malaysia have become increasingly lucrative for smugglers," Edwards explained, "and increasingly dangerous for their human cargoes.
of Cincinnati, OH, announces the kick-off of Bay Of Bengal Double India Pale Ale as part of its new Seasonal Craft Beer Can Series.
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The verdict delivered by the German-based International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) on March 14, 2012 sustained Bangladesh's claim to 200 nautical miles exclusive economic zone and territorial rights in the Bay of Bengal against Myanmar's claim.
The Joint Agency Coordination Centre (JACC) did not entertain the idea that the missing Malaysian aircraft ended up in the Bay of Bengal.
Adelaide-based GeoResonance said it had begun its own search for the missing flight MH370 on March 10 and that it has detected possible wreckage in the Bay of Bengal, a Press Trust of India report quoting the Star newspaper said.
On March 16, India suspended the search for the missing Malaysian airplane MH 370 around Andaman and Nicobar Islands and in the Bay of Bengal.
BLOWING MENACE Gigantic storm spins across Bay of Bengal towards India
As it moved north over the Bay of Bengal, the cyclone also prompted mass evacuation orders in neighboring Myanmar.
Summary: Etisalat on Tuesday announced its partnership in the construction of the Bay of Bengal, or BBG, submarine fibre optic cable along with industry leaders to enhance intercontinental connectivity and diversity for the UAE and the region.
Etisalat announced its strategic partnership on Tuesday in the construction of the Bay of Bengal (BBG) submarine fibre optic cable to enhance connectivity for UAE and the region.
Alcatel-Lucent has been appointed by the Bay of Bengal Gateway (BBG) telecom consortium to construct an undersea cable to link India, the Middle East and Far East.