Bay of Bengal


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Bengal, Bay of,

arm of the Indian Ocean, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long and 1,000 mi (1,610 km) wide, bordered on the W by Sri Lanka and India, on the N by Bangladesh, and on the E by Myanmar and Thailand; the Andaman and Nicobar Islands separate it from the Andaman Sea, its eastern arm. The bay receives many large rivers including the Ayeyarwady, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri, all forming fertile, heavily populated deltas. Sediment from the rivers has made the bay a shallow sea, and the waters have reduced the salinity of surface waters along the shore. Monsoon rains and destructive cyclone storms have caused great loss of life along the bay's northern coast. The main ports are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Chennai (Madras), and Kolkata (Calcutta), India; Chittagong, Bangladesh; and Sittwe, Myanmar.

Bibliography

See S. S. Amrith, Crossing the Bay of Bengal (2013).

Bengal, Bay of

 

a bay in the Indian Ocean, between the Indian peninsula on the west and the Indochina peninsula and the Andaman and Nicobar islands on the east. It has an area of 2,172,000 sq km, an average depth of 2,586 m; and an average volume of 5,616,000 cu km. Its greatest depth is 5,258 m. The average water temperature in February is 25°–27° C and in August, 28° C (in May, 29° C). The salinity ranges from 30 parts per thousand (°/oo) and less near the mouth of the Ganges River to 34% in the south. Tides are semidiurnal and reach as high as 10.7 m. The main ports are Calcutta in the Ganges delta and Madras (India) and Chittagong (Chatagam, Bangladesh).

References in periodicals archive ?
The situation has since changed and it is going be over the Bay of Bengal, affecting Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and even Sri Lanka with heavy rain falls.
An upper air cyclonic circulation over south west Bay of Bengal is likely to intensify into a depression during next 48 hours", said Y.
Earlier on February 4, Petrobangla had invited EOIs to explore and develop three deep-sea blocks DS 12, 16 and 21 in the Bay of Bengal under the Special Act.
Four ships, which were deployed in Indian Air Force plane was carrying 29 people the Bay of Bengal on different missions, have been diverted to the search area and eight ships of Eastern Fleet with Fleet Commander embarked onboard which are on return passage from the South China Sea are also proceeding at best speed to join the search operations.
The radar system has been important in monitoring meteorological phenomenon in southern area and tropical cyclones over Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.
Weather officials in the Andhra Pradesh state capital of Hyderabad said a low pressure system over the Bay of Bengal led to heavy downpours.
Rohingya Muslims have been forced into the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea to seek refuge in Malaysia and Indonesia.
In a richly layered account of migrant labour and climate change along the littorals of the Bay of Bengal during the last two centuries, Sunil Amrith tells us a story full of insights for the present and future.
It will be just a short "pit stop" in India's northeast before the vehicle pushes on over the Bay of Bengal.
of Cincinnati, OH, announces the kick-off of Bay Of Bengal Double India Pale Ale as part of its new Seasonal Craft Beer Can Series.
Hague-based Permanent Court of Arbitration delivered its verdict on 12th July 2014 on India and Bangladesh's maritime boundaries in the Bay of Bengal.
An Australian marine exploration company has claimed that it has found the wreckage of the missing Malaysian plane in the Bay of Bengal, 5,000 km away from the current search location in the Indian Ocean, a report said.