Bay of Pigs Invasion

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Bay of Pigs Invasion,

1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba. Trained since May, 1960, in Guatemala by members of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with the approval of the Eisenhower administration, and supplied with arms by the U.S. government, the rebels intended to foment an insurrection in Cuba and overthrow the Communist regime of Fidel Castro. The Cuban army easily defeated the rebels and by Apr. 20, most were either killed or captured. The invasion provoked anti-U.S. demonstrations in Latin America and Europe and further embittered U.S.-Cuban relations. Poorly planned and executed, the invasion subjected President Kennedy to severe criticism at home. Cuban exile leader José Miró Cardona, president of the U.S.-based National Revolutionary Council, blamed the failure on the CIA and the refusal of Kennedy to authorize air cover for the invasion force, but perhaps more crucial was the fact that the uprising the exiles hoped and needed to spark did not happened. Much later it was revealed that the CIA task force planning the invasion had predicted that the invasion's goals unachievable without U.S. military involvement; it is unclear whether Kennedy or CIA chief Allen Dulles knew of the assessment. In Dec., 1962, Castro released 1,113 captured rebels in exchange for $53 million in food and medicine raised by private donations in the United States.


See K. E. Meyer and T. Szulc, The Cuban Invasion (1962); H. B. Johnson, The Bay of Pigs (1964).

References in periodicals archive ?
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In 1961 the CIA-backed Bay of Pigs invasion ended up as an embarrassing failure for President John F Kennedy.
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Gripping spy drama, exploring the secret history of the CIA, spanning from the Second World War to the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, in which a team of US-funded Cuban exiles unsuccessfully tried to overthrow Fidel Castro.
Gripping spy drama, exploring the secret history of the CIA, from the Second World War to the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961.
Rather, it was driven by Fidel Castro's fears and insecurities after the botched Bay of Pigs invasion and by the failures of President John F Kennedy and Premier Nikita S Khrushchev to take him seriously.
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