Bay of Pigs Invasion


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Bay of Pigs Invasion,

1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba. Trained since May, 1960, in Guatemala by members of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with the approval of the Eisenhower administration, and supplied with arms by the U.S. government, the rebels intended to foment an insurrection in Cuba and overthrow the Communist regime of Fidel Castro. The Cuban army easily defeated the rebels and by Apr. 20, most were either killed or captured. The invasion provoked anti-U.S. demonstrations in Latin America and Europe and further embittered U.S.-Cuban relations. Poorly planned and executed, the invasion subjected President Kennedy to severe criticism at home. Cuban exile leader José Miró Cardona, president of the U.S.-based National Revolutionary Council, blamed the failure on the CIA and the refusal of Kennedy to authorize air cover for the invasion force, but perhaps more crucial was the fact that the uprising the exiles hoped and needed to spark did not happened. Much later it was revealed that the CIA task force planning the invasion had predicted that the invasion's goals unachievable without U.S. military involvement; it is unclear whether Kennedy or CIA chief Allen Dulles knew of the assessment. In Dec., 1962, Castro released 1,113 captured rebels in exchange for $53 million in food and medicine raised by private donations in the United States.

Bibliography

See K. E. Meyer and T. Szulc, The Cuban Invasion (1962); H. B. Johnson, The Bay of Pigs (1964).

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day.
Chomsky also mentioned the decades-long "murderous and destructive campaign" the US aimed at Cuba, including the failed Bay of Pigs invasion and a harsh embargo that continues to this day.
Ostensibly an oblique commentary on the Bay of Pigs invasion, Lorine Niedecker's brief poem "J.
In 1961 the CIA-backed Bay of Pigs invasion ended up as an embarrassing failure for President John F Kennedy.
Consider in this regard the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, the brinksmanship of the Cuban Missile Crisis that followed, and his adventure in Vietnam, where he expanded the American commitment there from a few hundred advisers under President Eisenhower to 17,000 troops under his own short tenure.
Castro also touched on key Cold War moments such as the Cuban missile crisis and the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, and said the Soviet premier Yuri Andropov told him in the early 1980s that Moscow would not step in if Cuba were to be invaded.
He describes the Cuban and Nicaraguan insurrections, the Bay of Pigs invasion, Fidel Castro and the attack on the Moncada barracks, the CIA's attempt to overthrow Jacobo Arbenz, the Villarrica Campaign, La Violencia, the National Liberation Army, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the People's Liberation Army, and other campaigns.
As Castro feared the United States was about to invade his nation -- a year after backing the Bay of Pigs invasion -- he wrote a letter to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev discussing the possibility of nuclear war with the United States.
Gripping spy drama, exploring the secret history of the CIA, spanning from the Second World War to the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, in which a team of US-funded Cuban exiles unsuccessfully tried to overthrow Fidel Castro.
Gripping spy drama, exploring the secret history of the CIA, from the Second World War to the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961.
Rather, it was driven by Fidel Castro's fears and insecurities after the botched Bay of Pigs invasion and by the failures of President John F Kennedy and Premier Nikita S Khrushchev to take him seriously.
In April 1962, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev came up with the plan to station intermediate-range missiles in Cuba whose President, Fidel Castro was looking for a way to defend the island after the failed US-backed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961.