Bay of Pigs Invasion

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Bay of Pigs Invasion,

1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba. Trained since May, 1960, in Guatemala by members of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with the approval of the Eisenhower administration, and supplied with arms by the U.S. government, the rebels intended to foment an insurrection in Cuba and overthrow the Communist regime of Fidel Castro. The Cuban army easily defeated the rebels and by Apr. 20, most were either killed or captured. The invasion provoked anti-U.S. demonstrations in Latin America and Europe and further embittered U.S.-Cuban relations. Poorly planned and executed, the invasion subjected President Kennedy to severe criticism at home. Cuban exile leader José Miró Cardona, president of the U.S.-based National Revolutionary Council, blamed the failure on the CIA and the refusal of Kennedy to authorize air cover for the invasion force, but perhaps more crucial was the fact that the uprising the exiles hoped and needed to spark did not happened. Much later it was revealed that the CIA task force planning the invasion had predicted that the invasion's goals unachievable without U.S. military involvement; it is unclear whether Kennedy or CIA chief Allen Dulles knew of the assessment. In Dec., 1962, Castro released 1,113 captured rebels in exchange for $53 million in food and medicine raised by private donations in the United States.

Bibliography

See K. E. Meyer and T. Szulc, The Cuban Invasion (1962); H. B. Johnson, The Bay of Pigs (1964).

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: America's botched effort last month to support a Syrian moderate rebel group known as "Division 30" was a chain of errors that recalls, in a small way, the 1961 Bay of Pigs fiasco.
Kennedy's dealings with the then hot issues of South Vietnam and Cuba, particularly his mistrust of the military establishment in the wake of the Bay of Pigs fiasco.
The story, which ends with the Bay of Pigs fiasco in 1961, then follows Wilson as his obsessions destroy his life.
What, then, would he call the overthrow of the Guatemalan government in 1954, or JFK'S Bay of Pigs fiasco, or Johnson's 1965 escalation of the Vietnam War, or Reagan's conquering of Grenada, or George H.
Not since the Bay of Pigs fiasco, when President Kennedy and Castro verged on nuclear war, has the conflict between America and its Cuban neighbour attracted such attention.
media, which had led the biggest invasion of Cuba since the 1961 Bay of Pigs fiasco.
Following the Bay of Pigs fiasco, President Kennedy deputized his brother (also his attorney general) Robert Kennedy to personally oversee the CIA's campaign against Castro.
When he addresses the failed Bay of Pigs fiasco with an angry, ``How could I have been so stupid,'' reflects on his humiliation by Khruschev at the 1961 Vienna summit meeting or casually philosophizes on the Kennedy history of womanizing, Shannon's JFK is merely providing information without illumination.
The only thing to do is eliminate Castro," he said at a Cuba Task Force session after the Bay of Pigs fiasco in April 1961.
to the United States, having survived the Bay of Pigs fiasco without firing a shot.
Brzezinski, however, believes that our mistake in the Bay of Pigs fiasco was in not committing U.
Kennedy took responsibility as the principal officer of government for the Bay of Pigs fiasco in 1961, Republicans in Congress, with rare exception, rallied to the defense of the home team.