Myrica(redirected from Bay-tree)
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a genus of plants of the family Myricaceae. Plants of the genus Myrica are small trees or shrubs with alternate whole leaves set with small aromatic glandules. The flowers either grow in spiky racemes or are single; they are small, usually unisexual, and without a perianth. There are 2-20 stamens and a superior gynoecium that is unilocular and made of two carpels, with one rudimentary seed. The fruits are drupaceous.
There are more than 50 species found in both hemispheres. In the USSR there are two species: bog myrtle (M. gale) grows in swamps near the Baltic coast; M. tomentosa grows in the maritime belt of the southern regions of the Far East. The American species M. pennsylvanica and M. cerifera are raised occasionally as ornamental shrubs. Some tropical species have edible fruits.
A. K. SKVORTSOV