Baikonur

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Baikonur

a launching site for spacecraft in central Kazakhstan; formerly the centre for the Soviet space programme, now leased from Kazakhstan by Russia

Baikonur

(bÿ -ko-noor) A space center or cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, NE of the Aral Sea, that is the location of the main launch site for spacecraft of the Russian Federation and (prior to 1992) the Soviet Union. First used for missile and rocket launches in the mid-1950s, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the site from which the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched, Oct. 4 1957, and from which Vostok 1 carried into orbit Yuri Gagarin, the first person ever to travel in space, Apr. 12 1961.

Baikonur

 

one of the largest space installations in the Soviet Union; located in the Karaganda Oblast, of the Kazakh SSR. Many launch complexes, technical posts, and measuring points for the execution of a broad program of space research were built at Baikonur. Many measuring points are situated along the installation’s routes. The first artificial earth satellite in the world was launched from Baikonur, and it was from here that Iu. A. Gagarin made the first manned space flight and that the first space flight by a woman—V. V. Tereshkova—was launched. Many other space research launchings were carried out at Baikonur.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kazakhstan has identified a number of major ecological problems within its borders--desiccation of the Aral Sea, protection of the fragile Caspian ecosystem, remediation of the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing range, cleanup of the Baykonur launching facility, extremely polluted cities, desertification, and development of mechanisms for regional transboundary water management.
1969: Exploding Russian rocket at Baykonur crushed or burnt 91 people.
signed a pre-financing agreement today in Kyzylorda, during the III Investment Forum Baykonur .
Turkey's TURKSAT 4A Communication Satellite, is Turkey's fifth satelitte, will be launched with a Proton rocket on February 15 from Baykonur Space Center in Kazakhstan.