Bayreuth


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Bayreuth

(bīroit`), city (1994 pop. 73,390), capital of Upper Franconia, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Red Main River. It is an industrial center; its manufactures include machinery, textiles, chemicals, and pianos. Founded in the mid-12th cent., Bayreuth belonged to a branch of the Hohenzollern family from 1248 to 1791, when it was annexed by Prussia. It was taken by France in 1807 and passed to Bavaria in 1810. Richard WagnerWagner, Richard
, 1813–83, German composer, b. Leipzig. Life and Work

Wagner was reared in a theatrical family, had a classical education, and began composing at 17.
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 lived in Bayreuth from 1872 to 1883, and the annual Bayreuth FestivalBayreuth Festival,
also called the Richard Wagner Festival, annual season of performances of Wagner's works, held in the Bavarian town of Bayreuth. Around 1851, Wagner began to visualize a festival theater that would be devoted to the performance of great German works for the
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 is held in the Festspielhaus, an opera house designed by Wagner and built in 1872–76. Wagner and Franz LisztLiszt, Franz
, 1811–86, Hungarian composer and pianist. Liszt was a revolutionary figure of romantic music and was acknowledged as the greatest pianist of his time. He made his debut at nine, going thereafter to Vienna to study with Czerny and Salieri.
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 are buried in Bayreuth.

Bayreuth

since 1876, international center for Wagner’s operas. [Opera Hist.: Thompson, 165]

Bayreuth

a city in E Germany, in NE Bavaria: home and burial place of Richard Wagner; annual festivals of his music. Pop.: 74 818 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
School-day promotion of preschool and school children for the markgrafenschule bayreuth.
Katharina has faced most of the charges that Bayreuth has tailed under the weight of directorial excess over the past decade or so--Castorfs Ring ranked by many as the most egregiously wrong-headed example.
The relationship between Nazism and the Bayreuth festival can be traced back to 1872 when Wagner started the event.
The Bayreuth Festival only lasts a month, but it's about what they make of it all year round and how the town is energized by the artistic activity.
Winifred Marjorie Williams, after having come to Germany as a nine-year-old English orphan, wound up marrying the son of composer Richard Wagner and by 1930 had become the widowed head of the Bayreuth Festival celebrating Wagner's music, an event long patronized by Adolf Hitler.
No matter what I realize in Bayreuth," Schlingensief surmised of his dilemma, "people will say, 'That was a provocation
Many subsequently famous Liszt pupils were in Bayreuth during the days recounted in the diary: Arthur Friedheim, August Gollerich, Marie Ja%ll, Sophie Menter, Alexander Siloti and Bernhard Stavenhagen.
Measurements that she and her Bayreuth colleague Konrad Fiedler made, however, indicate that metabolic heat of caterpillars snuggling in a tent can slowly raise the temperature some 2.
Whether or not Bayreuth "has always been a paradigm of German national development" there is no doubt that it illuminates a number of critical issues in the last century of German history.
Giuseppe and Carlo Galli da Bibiena went on to design the first opera house at Bayreuth in 1748, the extraordinary Rococo Residenztheater, rivalled only by the even more extravagent Munich Residenztheater (I 752) by Jean Frangois de Cuvillits, which was bombed during the Second World War but subsequently rebuilt.
Terry conducted post-doctoral research at Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universitat Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
It's been almost 25 years since I first walked up the Green Hill to Wagner's Festspielhaus in Bayreuth for a late afternoon performance, and doing it again this past summer, as the festival and the city itself readies for the composer's big bicentennial birthday bash in 2013, had me looking around to see what's changed over the years.