Bdellovibrio

(redirected from Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus)
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Bdellovibrio

[‚del·ə′vī·brē‚ō]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria of uncertain affiliation; parasites of other bacteria; curved, motile rods with a polar flagellum in parasitic state; in nonparasitic state, cells are helical.
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Other topics include the regulation of cell polarity in motility and cell division in Myxococcus xanthus, microbiota-based therapies for Clostridium difficile and antibiotic-resistant enteric infections, the critical roles of polysaccharides in gut microbial ecology and physiology, predator versus pathogen: how predatory Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus interfaces with the challenges of killing gram-negative pathogens in a host setting, and variant gene expression and anti-gene variation by malaria parasites.
Bdellovibrio Bacteriovorus is a gram negative, obligate aerobic bacteria which preys on pathologic gram negative bacteria, thus acting as a predator in preying the periodontal pathogens like Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus is a small, curved Gram negative predatory bacteria discovered by chance in 1962 by Stolp and Petzold while they were trying to isolate bacteriophages for plant pathogenic bacteria from soil.
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus are unable to infect mammalian cells (Simpson, 1972).
A symbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus invades and consumes mitochondria in a mode similar to that of the parasitic bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus.