Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from the former Soviet Union. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Zeyad Abu Ain, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Detainees' Affairs, said that Al Taweel was attacked when the Israeli Special Forces raided the Be'er Sheva Prison and attacked prisoners.
This criticism is relevant to the urban context because women are the main absentees in studies about the building and founding of cities in Israel, especially in places considered peripheral such as Be'er Sheva.
Be'er Sheva (Seven Wells), written at the turn of the 17th century by the Rabbi of Prague and his uncommonly well-educated wife for the time, was intended for Jews who could no longer read Hebrew and relied on Yiddish literature for religious instruction.
Now he lives with his family in Be'er Sheva, in the south of Israel.
According to Israeli daily (Haaretz), schools were called off in Sunday in Ashkelon, Be'er Sheva, Ashdod, Netivot, Sderot, and other regional councils in Israel's south, affecting some 207,000 students.
Kingston, who now plays with Israeli side Hapoel Be'er Sheva, said: "Arshavin called me a monkey.
CDATA[ A UK immigrant to southern Israel decides she will focus energies on tidying rather than being traumatized by terror in Be'er Sheva.
The number of tents gradually increased to number around 1000, which spread throughout the country; from Kiryat Shmona in the north to Be'er Sheva in the south, ASHARQ AL AWSAT reported.
According to the paper, Grapel studied in Ben Gurion University in Be'er Sheva for one academic year, and during that time he decided to enlist in the Israeli Defense Force.
A menacing convoy of bulldozers was heading back to Be'er Sheva as I drove towards al-Arakib, a Bedouin village located not more than 10 minutes from the city.
In some cases consular staff have been having to go to the prison at Be'er Sheva, hammer on doors and ask people if they are British.
However, two days after the storming of the flotilla by Israeli commandos, he said consular staff had still been unable to see nine of those held at the Be'er Sheva jail.