Pechenga

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Pechenga

(pyĕ`chĭn-gə), Finnish Petsamo, town, NW European Russia, an ice-free port at the head of Pechenga Fjord on the Barents Sea and near the Norwegian border. It is also the northern terminus of an Arctic highway. Pechenga serves as the base for a fishing (notably herring) fleet. Located in an important nickel- and copper-mining region, the town has an ore refinery. Pechenga was known in the 16th cent. as a Muscovite foreign trading port. Ceded by Russia to Finland in 1920, it was a supply base in the German-Finnish drive on MurmanskMurmansk
, city (1989 pop. 468,000), capital of Murmansk region, NW European Russia, on the Kola Gulf of the Barents Sea. It is the terminus of the Northeast Passage and the world's largest city N of the Arctic Circle, with a polar research institute.
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 during World War II. The town was seized by Soviet forces and transferred to the USSR in the Russo-Finnish armistice of 1944.

Pechenga

 

(Petsamo from 1920 to Sept. 19, 1944), an urban-type settlement in Pechenga Raion, Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Pechenga River at its influx into Pechenga Guba of the Barents Sea, Pechenga is 120 km northwest of Murmansk and 9 km from the Pechenga railroad station. Pechenga has been known since the Pechenga Monastery was founded in 1533. In 1920 it was ceded to Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939–40, it was left part of Finland; on Sept. 19, 1944, on the basis of a peace agreement, Pechenga became part of the USSR. The environs of Pechenga have deposits of sulfidic copper and nickel ores, which are the basic raw mineral materials for the nickel and cobalt industry of the Kola Peninsula. The ice-free port of Linachamari is nearby.