Beatrix

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Beatrix

(bē`ətrĭks, bē-ă`trĭks), 1938–, queen of the Netherlands (1980–2013). The oldest daughter of Queen JulianaJuliana
, 1909–2004, queen of the Netherlands (1948–80). She succeeded on the abdication of her mother, Queen Wilhelmina. A popular monarch, she married (1937) Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1911–2004), with whom she had four daughters.
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 of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, she received a law degree from the Univ. of Leyden (1961). In 1966 her marriage to German diplomat Claus von Amsberg, once a member of the Hitler Youth and the German army but cleared of charges by an Allied court, caused considerable controversy. The following year she gave birth to a son, Willem Alexander Claus, the first male heir in the line of succession since 1884; she also has two other sons. In 1980, Juliana abdicated in favor of Beatrix; Beatrix abdicated in 2013 in favor of her son, who became King Willem-AlexanderWillem-Alexander,
1967–, king of the Netherlands, eldest son of Queen Beatrix. He served (1985–87) in the navy and graduated (1993)from Leiden Univ.; he has been a member of the International Olympic Committee since 1998.
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Beatrix

full name Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard. born 1938, queen of the Netherlands from 1980