Bedouin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
..... Click the link for more information.
) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
..... Click the link for more information.
 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
Arutz 7 has learned that soon the first Bedouin will enlist in the prestigious Air Force pilot course.
The Bedouin have lived in the Negev for many centuries, well before the establishment of the State.
According to the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), more than half of the approximately 160,000 Naqab Bedouins reside in unrecognized villages, which the state refuses to provide with a planning structure and place under municipal jurisdiction, WAFA said.
An Israeli police raid to evacuate the unrecognized Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran turned deadly in January, and sparked widespread protests of the treatment of Palestinian citizens in Israel.
Right groups say that the demolition of unrecognized Bedouin villages is a central Israeli policy aimed at removing the indigenous Palestinian population from the Negev and transferring them to government-zoned townships to make room for the expansion of Jewish Israeli communities.
The word Bedouin is the equivalent of the Arabic word badawiya ([phrase omitted]) (derived from the collective name bad'u [phrase omitted]), which underlines the Romanian term beduin, in the dictionary it is equated with nomad and defined as man of the desert.
Some responses even extended to the street, as Bedouin groups in the Gaza Strip organized an event to celebrate Al-Dahiyya.
Despite his self-declared role in the predicament, a series of complex historical developments have left them -- and other Bedouin families -- in the precarious position they find themselves in today.
We want to take Bedouin tradition--for example, the ecological balance based on natural grazing and reusing water--and make it a more large-scale operation with adaptations that don't overwhelm tribal tradition and won't disturb the culture," Nabbari told me.
His son, Aziz, says the Jewish National Fund destroyed hundreds of his own fruit and olive trees and then replanted the area with new trees to push out the Bedouin.
The Ynet news website has reported that the minister controversially stated that by 2035 the bedouin citizens might number between half a million to one and a half million people.
The Bedouin life there is different than it is in the cities, as Al Jiza is an area of stability for the sons of the desert while the cities are not inhabited by Bedouins mostly in summer.