Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
This was the largest turn-out for us yet and the Bedouin team who organised it were absolutely sure it was safe for the event to go ahead," said Ben Hoffler, author of "Trailblazer's Sinai: The Trekking Guide".
Israel has in recent months escalated its project for the relocation of Bedouins currently residing east of Jerusalem.
I was on my way to visit a project called Wadi Attir outside the Bedouin town of Hura.
He strongly urged the Israeli authorities to halt all plans and practices that will directly or indirectly lead to the forcible transfer of the Bedouin and call on the international community to support the Bedouins' wish to remain where they are, pending their return to the Negev, and prevent this transfer from occurring.
A statement released in September co-signed by 42 Palestinian, international, and Israeli organizations said that the plans "include moving Bedouins out of the politically sensitive area referred to as the Jerusalem Periphery or 'E1,' where Israel has long-intended to demolish 23 Bedouin villages in order to expand and link settlements, established in violation of international law".
On a visit to the Negev (Naqab) region in the south of the country, Shamir claimed, "First of all we need to take all of the bedouins and start moving them out of the (Negev) desert, and move them closer to the normal country in terms of legislation, life style, socio-economical level, education, job opportunities.
Al Jiza is an important zone of stability for the Bedouins, and there are dozens of houses there.
Noor and Soliman are always ready to discuss mysteries about Bedouins and their lifestyle, even the most sensitive issues.
12 (Petra) - A new book released recently has unveiled another crime that the Israeli soldiers had committed against the Negev Bedouin in 1972.
The Bedouins had been evicted by Israeli soldiers from their homes in the north-western part of Negev, near Kibbutz Shoval, following the 1948 Palestinian exodus, known as Nakba.
Dror Almog, who heads the implementation team for resettling the Bedouin, told Hretz that he believes that around 80 percent of the Bedouins who will be affected by the Prawer Plan support it.
For modern tourists, the Bedouin Experience can also arrange a stay at Ship of the Desert Khan, a large encampment of Bedouin tents owned and run by Israeli Bedouins.