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(also decubitus ulcer), the necrosis of soft tissues resulting from constant pressure and accompanied by circulatory and trophic nerve disorders. Bedsores develop in persons confined to bed for a prolonged period, for example, in elderly patients with fractures, in patients with diseases of the central nervous system, and in patients with traumas of the spinal cord.

Bedsores form in the region of the sacrum, shoulder blades, heels, or elbow joints. The skin, which is the superficies of the bedsore, is affected, as is the subcutaneous cellular tissue that contains muscles. A deep subcutaneous bedsore is dangerous in that it can result in an infected wound and intoxication. A bedsore may develop because of pressure on the skin from a plaster cast or from an orthopedic prosthesis or apparatus. It may also develop on the mucosa of the mouth because of pressure caused by dental prostheses.

Treatment of bedsores includes ultraviolet irradiation, administration of potassium permanganate solutions, application of dressings, use of general analeptic measures, and less frequently, surgery. Prophylaxis includes good care of the skin, for example, by rubbing, and a regular change of linens, and the use of bedpans and special pneumatic massaging mattresses. It is also important occasionally to shift the patient’s position in bed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The woman was admitted to Los Robles with a urinary tract infection, bruising on her left arm and large or deep bedsores on her buttocks, heels, ankles and lower back, officials said.
Like patients with bedsores, patients with contractures also arrive from the hospital.
Neely said the initial bedsore when the woman was placed in the residential care home likely would not have required some other placement.
age 57, improperly treated his patients' wounds and bedsores causing them additional pain and suffering.
In one of these places she got a bedsore and because it was left untreated she contracted MRSA which resulted in septicaemia which is blood poisoning.
Martin Hood, solicitor in the clinical negligence department at Lees Solicitors, on bedsores, how they are avoidable and what you can do if you, or a loved one, has suffered with them IMAGINE being in hospital following major surgery, which thankfully has been successful.
At the nursing home with the worst bedsore problems, in Chatsworth, 62 out of the 112 residents had bed sores.
The patient developed a serious untreatable, stage III, bedsore injury in August 1996 while she was housed at Covenant and Dr.
Contract notice: Supply of rental principals bedsore necessary ao san gerardo, ao ~hospital treviglio-caravaggio~, ao of the province of lodi and the fondazione irccs ca ~granda ospedale maggiore policlinico.
Staff at the Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen hospitals say they cared for 85,000 patients over the past year without a single patient developing a serious bedsore.
Surveyors spend as much regulatory time on a burnt out light bulb as they do an avoidable bedsore.
CARE home staff were accused of neglect yesterday after an elderly patient was killed by an infected bedsore.