Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
As Martin and Joel explained, again and again, and Richard gave vivid pantomimes of tugging and pushing and collapsing with exhaustion, the bedu listened gravely, carefully examining the car and the wheels, looking stern.
With the Bedu, Islam is so all-pervading an element that there is little religiosity, little fervour, and no regard for externals.
Details: Patrice Bedu, Exploration Manager, Pebercan, 750 Blvd.
American Bedu was widely read in Saudi Arabia and the United States for its insight of the Kingdom through the eyes of Al-Ajroush, an American expat married to a Saudi.
The guy that I was talking to said, "Well, of course that's not a surprise because they're Bedu, like me.
Yet, in the Negev, nearly all younger Bedu women now wear the hijab, a dress unseen here some 30 years ago.
Like the Bedu of central Arabia, their life is always harsh, always precarious, and leaves little room for comfort or possessions.
The Desert area will have Bedu men showing off their Hatheera skills, the techniques of making traditional Arabic coffee, while others will put on an Yola folk show, reveal the traditional Bedouin etiquette, make horse saddles, teach about kandoora dying and burqa making.
Update on American Bedu A stedfast blogger on Saudi Arabia Carol Fleming Al-Ajroush, "American Bedu," is fading quickly in health.
Thesiger wrote also of the generosity of his Bedu companions, recounting a tale of their struggle to catch a hare.
Grade 7 students journeyed to the Wahiba Sands to study the Bedu way of life by visiting a Bedu family who introduced them to Omani hospitality by sharing kahwa and dates with them.