Bee Pollination

Bee Pollination

 

the use of honeybees to pollinate agricultural crops—that is, to transfer plant pollen from the anthers of the stamens to the stigmata of the pistils.

Many grain, fodder, oil, essential-oil, industrial, fruit and berry, and melon crops require pollination by insects. The role of wild insects as pollinators in modern day farming is insignificant. The number of bee colonies needed depends on the area under cultivation, the duration of florescence, the amount of nectar in the plants, and other factors. For example, the pollination of 1 hectare of buckwheat requires an average 2–2.5 colonies of bees; sunflowers, 0.5-1; red clover and alfalfa, 1; sainfoin, 3–4; cotton, 0.5-1; fruit and berry crops, 2–2.5; and melons, 0.3-0.5. Greenhouse crops require one colony per 1,000 sq m of greenhouse space, and those in hotbeds, one colony per 500 frames.

To pollinate crops frequented only lightly by insects, it is recommended that the bees be trained to the fragrance of the flowers of the crops. Bee pollination is one of the most important conditions for improving crop yields.

References in periodicals archive ?
Honey bee pollination alone adds more than $15 billion in value to agriculture crops in the United States.
Pupils from schools including Whitchurch, Grangetown and Radnor Primary, also had the opportunity to learn about the types of plants that encourage bee pollination.
AS winter changes into early spring With all the blessing this will bring Trees will hide a secret world As coloured blossom is gently unfurled Cherry pink, apple blossom white But windy weather provides a sight As scattered colours beneath the trees Always a glorious sight to please Fruit buds still showing all around As life evolves with so little sound A quiet hum from a busy bee Pollination - sterling work wait and see Seeds have grown some plants are tall, JOHN JAMES REID, Newcastle
Honey bee pollination services have been noted to play an important role in the production of (file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/10-124%20-%20cs17-lupins-web.
She has visited the third-grade class every week this school year to teach children about how at least one-third of the world's foods rely on bee pollination.
The honey bee industry makes a vital contribution to the production of bee pollination dependent crops and to Victoria's economy, through the delivery of commercial pollination services," Mr Walsh said.
CSIRO aims to improve honey bee pollination and productivity on farms as well as help understand the drivers of colony collapse disorder (CCD), a condition that is devastating honey bee populations worldwide.
An example of the value of honey bee pollination is that approximately two-thirds of the nation's two-million-plus commercial colonies are required for almond pollination in California from the middle of February to the middle of March every year.
About a third of everything we eat is a result of bee pollination and they contribute to about PS200m of our economy every year.
In the UK, bee pollination is worth PS430m to the economy in increased crop yields, including raspberries, apples, oilseed rape and beans.
In fact, wild bee pollination nearly doubled the proportion of flowers that developed into mature fruits or seeds relative to managed honeybees.